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Table 1 Univariate analysis of sociodemographic characteristics associated with H. pylori seropositivity

From: Helicobacter pylori infection among patients presenting with dyspepsia at a primary care setting in Cameroon: seroprevalence, five-year trend and predictors

Variable Frequency (%) H. pylori positive Odds ratio (95% CI) P-value
Sex (N = 451)
 Male 164 (36.4) 85 (51.8) Ref  
 Female 287 (63.6) 147 (51.2) 0.97 (0.67–1.43) 0.901
Age categories, in years (N = 451)
  < 15 16 (3.5) 8 (50.0) Ref  
 15–24 103 (22.8) 53 (48.5) 1.06 (0.37–3.04) 0.914
 25–34 75 (16.6) 34 (51.5) 0.83 (0.28–2.44) 0.734
 35–44 74 (16.4) 43 (45.3) 1.39 (0.47–4.10) 0.554
 45–54 69 (15.3) 35 (50.7)) 1.03 (0.35–3.06) 0.958
 55–64 49 (10.9) 29 (59.2) 1.45 (0.47–4.51) 0.521
  > 65 65 (14.4) 30 (46.2) 0.86 (0.29–2.56) 0.783
Marital status (N = 161)
 Married 103 (64.0) 55 (53.4) Ref  
 Single 32 (19.9) 13 (40.6) 0.60 (0.27–1.34) 0.209
 Widow 26 (16.1) 11 (42.3) 0.64 (0.27–1.53) 0.314
Educational level (N = 87)
 Secondary + Tertiary 31 (35.6) 17 (54.8) Ref  
 Never + Primary 56 (64.4) 42 (75.0) 2.47 (0.97–6.27) 0.057
Religion (N = 451)
 Christian 343 (76.1) 184 (53.6) Ref  
 Muslim 108 (23.9) 48 (44.4) 0.69 (0.45–1.07) 0.096
Employment status (N = 161)
 Employed 105 (65.2) 59 (56.2) Ref  
 Unemployed or retired 35 (21.7) 12 (34.3) 0.41 (0.18–0.90) 0.027a
 Student 21 (13.1) 6 (28.6) 0.31 (0.11–0.87) 0.025a
HIV status (N = 119)
 Negative 105 (88.2) 47 (44.8) Ref  
 Positive 14 (11.8) 4 (28.6) 0.49 (0.15–1.68) 0.257
  1. aStatistically significant, HIV = human immunodeficiency virus, Ref = reference category