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Table 3 Risk factors associated with uropathogens in diabetic patients (n = 56), April to July 2015

From: Common uropathogens and their antibiotic susceptibility pattern among diabetic patients

Characteristics Significant uropathogens No. (%) Crude- OR (95.0%CI) Adjusted-OR (95.0% CI)
  OR(Lower-Upper) P-value OR(Lower-Upper) P-value
Age:
 20–35 18(32.1) 1   1  
 36–45 10(17.8) 0.52(0.21–1.29) 0.16 0 .55(0.19–1.54) 0.25
 46–55 10(17.8) 0.44(0.18–1.07) 0.07 0.29(0.1–0.87) 0.03
  ≥ 56 18(32.1) 0.4(0.19–0.87) 0.02 0.19(0.08–0.52) 0.00
Sex:
 Male 22(39.3) 1   1  
 Female 34(60.7) 1.36(0.74–2.5) 0.32 1.12(0.56–2.24) 0.75
Types of diabetes:
 Type I 22(39.3) 1   1  
 Type II 34(60.7) 1.72(0.94–3.15) 0.08 2.44(1.16–5.11) 0.02
Duration of diabetes (years):
  < 5 14(25) 1   1  
 5–10 20(35.7) 0.99(0.46–2.16) 0.99 1.66(0.69–4.04) 0.26
  ≥ 10 22(39.3) 1.18(0.55–2.53) 0.67 2.06(0.81–5.28) 0.13
Blood glucose level:
  < 126 mg/dl 21(37.5) 1   1  
  ≥ 126 mg/dl 35(62.5) 1.14(0.62–2.11) 0.67 0.87(0.87–1.75) 0.69
History of previous UTI:
 Yes 32(57.1) 4.91(2.61–9.24) 0.00 2.87(1.16–7.08) 0.02
 No 24(42.9) 1   1  
History of previous antibiotic
 Yes 40(71.4) 1   1  
 No 16(28.6) 0.21(0.11–0.4) 0.00 0.39(0.16–0.96) 0.04
  1. OR Odds ratio CI Confidence interval