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Table 3 Detailed numbers of cases showing each type of neurological complication associated with different serotype of virus of severe HFMD (N = 3510) a

From: Surveillance for severe hand, foot, and mouth disease from 2009 to 2015 in Jiangsu province: epidemiology, etiology, and disease burden

CNSb complicationsEV-A71CV-A16Other EVsTotalx2 p
aseptic meningitis(Survivors)1088(31.40)95(2.71)131(3.73)1314(37.44)54.470.000
encephalitis(Survivors)1604(45.70)125(3.56)363(10.34)2092(59.60)
Encephalomyelitis(Survivors)33(0.94)3(0.09)4(0.11)40(1.14)
Pulmonary oedema/ haemorrhage10(0.28)0(0.00)1(0.03)11(0.31)
Acute flaccid paralysis(Survivors)2(0.06)0(0.00)1(0.03)3(0.09)
Brainstem encephalitis(Survivors)3(0.09)1(0.03)0(0.00)3(0.09)
Cardiorespiratory failure(Survivors)4(0.11)2(0.06)0(0.00)6(0.17)
Death39(1.11)0(0.00)2(0.06)41(1.17)
Total2783(79.29)225(6.41)502(14.30)3510(100.00)  
  1. aData outside the parentheses are the number of severe HFMD cases, data in parentheses are % (n/N)
  2. bCNS: Central nervous system