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Table 3 Demographic characteristics and clinical signs of children according to the biofilm production

From: Biofilm production by Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from the nasopharynx of children with acute otitis media

Characteristics and clinical signs Biofilm production by H. influenzae p* Biofilm production by S. pneumoniae p*
Day-care center 47/72 (65.3) 0.66 42/63 (66.7) 0.99
Recurrent acute otitis media 22/33 (66.7) 0.77 19/29 (65.5) 0.87
Conjunctivitis 59/97 (60.8) 0.27 42/66 (63.6) 0.52
Otalgia 96/145 (66.2) 0.26 105/156 (67.3) 0.68
Temperature > 38.5 °C 42/56 (75.0) 0.047 45/71 (63.4) 0.46
Fever + otalgia 50/67 (74.6) 0.025 58/86 (67.4) 0.87
Antibiotics 3 months before enrollment 53/87 (60.9) 0.34 55/82 (67.1) 0.95
  1. *p comparing biofilm strain producers and non-producers