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Table 1 The clinical characteristics and demographic of study participants

From: Pleural IFN-γ release assay combined with biomarkers distinguished effectively tuberculosis from malignant pleural effusion

  Total TPE MPE
Patients, (n) 201 143 58
Median age (range) 37 (6–85) 31 (6–83) 52 (28–85)
Male (%) 131 (65.17) 99 (69.23) 32 (55.17)
Positive, sputum, AFB smear or culture, n (%) _ 56/143 (39.16) 0
Mtb detection in pleural effusion _   
Positive AFB smear, n (%) _ 1/143 (0.70) 0
Positive culture, n (%) _ 17/143 (11.89) 0
Confirmed TPE by pleural biopsy, n (%)   60/78 (76.92) 0