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Table 4 Diagnostic method in 139 patients with abdominal tuberculosis

From: Clinical features and outcomes of abdominal tuberculosis in southeastern Korea: 12 years of experience

Characteristic All patients (n = 139) Luminal TB (n = 69) Peritoneal TB (n = 28) Nodal TB (n = 7) Visceral TB (n = 23) Mixed TB (n = 12)
Microbiologic diagnosis 51 (37.0%) 23 (33.3%) 7 (25.0%) 2 (28.6%) 15 (68.2%) c, f 4 (33.3%)
Histological diagnosis 59 (42.8%) 27 (39.1%) 8 (28.6%) 6 (85.7%) b, e 12 (54.5%) 6 (50.0%)
Clinical diagnosis 63 (45.3%) 35 (50.7%) c 18 (64.3%) e, f 1 (14.3%) 3 (13.6%) 6 (50.0%) j
Operation 21 (15.1%) 2 (2.9%) 4 (14.3%) 3 (42.9%) b 10 (43.5%) c, f 2 (16.7%)
*Confirmed diagnosis by operation 19 (90.4%) 2 (100%) 4 (100%) 3 (100%) 9 (90%) 1 (50%)
Percutaneous biopsy group 16 (11.5%) 0 (0%) a, b, c, d 6 (21.4%) 3 (42.9%) 3 (13.0%) 4 (33.3%)
*Confirmed diagnosis by percutaneous biopsy 13 (81.3%) 0/0 4 (66.7%) 2 (66.7%) 3 (100%) 4 (100%)
Endoscopy or colonoscopy 70 (50.4%) 65 (94.2%) a, b, c, d 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 4 (33.3%) g, j
*Confirmed diagnosis by endoscopy or colonoscopy 34 (48.6%) 32 (49.2%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 1 (25%)
Paracentesis 33 0 27 (96.4%) a, e, f, g 0 0 6 (50.0%) g, j
*Confirmed diagnosis by paracentesis 8 (24.2%) 0 (0%) 6 (21.4%) a,f 0 (0%) 0 (0%) 2 (33.3%) d
  1. Data are presented as the median (interquartile range) for continuous data and percentages for categorical data
  2. *A Confirmed diagnosis was defined as microbiologic or histological diagnosis
  3. a: P < 0.05 Luminal TB vs. Peritoneal TB, b: P < 0.05 Luminal TB vs. Nodal TB, c: P < 0.05 Luminal TB vs. Visceral TB, d: P < 0.05 Luminal TB vs. Mixed TB, e: P < 0.05 Peritoneal TB vs. Nodal TB, f: P < 0.05 Peritoneal TB vs. Visceral TB, g: P < 0.05 Peritoneal TB vs. Mixed TB, h: P < 0.05 Nodal TB vs. Visceral TB, i: P < 0.05 Nodal TB vs. Mixed TB, j: P < 0.05 Visceral TB vs. Mixed TB