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Table 3 The Vesikari scores for severity of illness among RVAGE and non- RVAGE hospitalized children <5 yrs. in Siaya County Referral Hospital, western Kenya, 2010–2013

From: Rates of hospitalization and death for all-cause and rotavirus acute gastroenteritis before rotavirus vaccine introduction in Kenya, 2010–2013

Variable Points assigned Rotavirus-positive Rotavirus-negative P-value
N = 143 N = 398
Duration of diarrhea (days)  
 1–4 1 119 (83) 281 (70%) 0.0089
 5 2 4 (3%) 31 (8%)  
  > =6 3 20 (14%) 86 (22%)  
Max no. diarrhea/24 h
 1–3 1 41 (29%) 153 (38%) 0.1091
 4–5 2 75 (52%) 177 (45%)  
  > =6 3 27 (19) 68 (17%)  
 Duration of vomiting (days)   N = 126 N = 296  
 1 1 22 (15.4) 77 (19.4) 0.165
 2 2 27 (18.9) 57 (14.4)  
  > =3 3 77 (53.8) 162 (40.9)  
Max no. vomiting/24 h
 1 1 8 (7%) 39 (13%) 0.1003
 2–4 2 95 (75%) 214 (72%)  
  > =5 3 23 (18%) 43 (15%)  
Fever
  < 37.0 0 74 (52%) 196 (49%) 0.0435
 37.1–38.4 1 58 (40%) 157 (40%)  
 38.5–38.9 2 8 (6%) 12 (3%)  
  > =39 3 3 (2%) 33 (8%)  
 Dehydration N = 55 N = 139  
 1–5% 2 48 (87%) 117 (84%) 0.5852
  > =6% 3 7 (13%) 22 (16%)  
 Treatment* 2 143 (100%) 398 (100%)
  1. *All cases were treated in the ward