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Table 1 Overview of selected publications describing samples used for viral diagnostic

From: Find the right sample: A study on the versatility of saliva and urine samples for the diagnosis of emerging viruses

Type of specimens Arboviruses VHFV Coronaviruses
CHIKV DENV WNV YFV ZIKV EBOV SARS MERS
Blood derived samples whole blood [139] [143] [147, 148] n.r. [88] [160] [165] [170]
peripheral blood (cells) [139] [144] [147, 148] n.r. n.r. [54] [166]  
peripheral blood (plasma) [140] [13] [149] [152] [89] [54] [112, 166]  
seruma [141] [144] [149] [152] [97] [52] [167] [169]
umbilical cord blood n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r. n.r.
Body fluids saliva [19] [13] n.r. ? [88, 89, 97] [52] n.r. n.r.
urine [19] [19] [75] [104] [88, 89, 97] [54] [110, 112] [124]
  1. VHF Viral haemorrhagic Fever, a = NAT & Immunological test, n.r. not reported