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Table 1 Socio demographic and clinical characteristics of enrolled children

From: Nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae in children under 5 years of age before introduction of pneumococcal vaccine (PCV10) in urban and rural districts in Pakistan

Variable Karachi (3 -11 months) N = 220 Karachi (12-59 months) N = 225 Matiari (3 -11 months) N = 225
  N (%) N (%) N (%)
Age, mean (SD) 9.8 (6.1) 39.6 (12.7) 6.5 (2.6)
Male gender 102 (46.4) 107 (47.6) 125 (55.6)
Primary caretaker education
 Illiterate 92 (41.9) 103 (45.8) 144 (64.0)
 1-5 years 25 (11.4) 19 (8.4) 31 (13.8)
 6-10 years 47 (21.4) 43 (19.1) 16 (7.1)
 >10 years 56 (25.5) 60 (26.7) 34 (15.1)
Crowding index (persons/room)
 Mean (SD) 4.4 (2.0) 4.4 (2.1) 5.8 (2.5)
 Hospitalization in last year 15 (6.8) 0 (0.0) 8 (3.6)
No. of outpatient visits in last month
 Mean (SD) 1.8 (1.0) 1.7 (0.9) 2.0 (2.5)
 Fever (current or in last 3 days) 30 (13.6) 20 (8.9) 4 (1.8)
 Cough 64 (29.1) 51 (22.7) 41 (18.2)
Type of Fuel used in cooking
 Natural gas 216 (98.2) 220 (97.8) 28 (12.4)
 Other 4 (1.8) 5 (2.2) 197 (87.6)
 Child exposed to smoke during cooking 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4) 150 (66.7)
 Smoker in the Household 48 (21.8) 45 (20.0) 110 (48.9)
 Ever vaccinateda 170 (77.3) 170 (75.6) 157 (69.8)
  1. SD Standard Deviation ahaving received any vaccine