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Table 1 Summary of the studies in the review

From: Tuberculosis-Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) co-infection in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, Year, (Ref.) Study setting/region Study design Study population/participants Prev. of TB-HIV co-infection
Alemayehu et al., 2014 [29] Amhara Region, Gondar University; Hospital based Cross-sectional HIV patients, aged 18 years and above, n = 250 6%
Alemie & Gebreselassie, 2014 [30] Amhara Region; selected private health institutions Cross-sectional TB patients, n = 1153 20%
Alemu, etal,2016 [31] Amhara Region, West Gojjam and South Gondar, Population based Retrospective HIV patients, children aged less than 15, n = 645 12%
Ali et al.,2016 [32] Across Ethiopia, Population based Cross- sectional HIV patients, aged 15–90, n = 575 29.4%
Balcha et al.,2014 [33] Oromia Region, Adama; Population based Prospective HIV-patients, aged 18 years and above, n = 812 17.9%
Belay et al.,2015 [34] Afar and Dessie Town; in 5 health facilities. Cross-sectional TB patients, aged above 18 n = 110 40%
Datiko et al.,2008 [35] Southern Ethiopia, heath facilities Cross-sectional TB patients, n = 1261, 18%
Dengetu & dolamo, 2014 [36] Addis Ababa; governmental health facilities Facility-based Cross-sectional TB patients, children aged 15–17 years, n = 579 35%
Deribew, et al.,2011 [37] Addis Ababa; primary health care units Facility based cross-sectional TB patients, n = 298 27.2%
Fanosie et al.,2016 [38] Amhara Region, University of Gondar Hospital Institution based cross-sectional TB patients, n = 141 14.1%
Fekadu et al., 2015 [39] South Ethiopia Retrospective HIV/AIDS patients, n = 499 18.2%)
Belay et al., 2014 [40] Afar region Cross sectional TB patients, n = 287 28.6%
Taddesse et al., 2013 [41] Amhara region Cross sectional TB patients, n = 301 18.3%
Gebrecherkos et al., 2016 [42] Amhara Region, North Gondar zone Cross-sectional TB patients, n = 282 27%
Gebreegziabiher et al., 2017 [28] Tigray Region, Mekelle, Public health institutions Cross-sectional TB pregnant mother, n = 201 21.8%
Gebremariam, et al., 2016 [43] Southern Rgion, Arsi Negele Health Center Retrospective TB patients, n = 1562 10%
Kassu et al.,2007 [44] Amhara, Gondar University Cross-sectional TB patients, n = 257, 52.1%
Kebede et al., 2014 [45] Oromiya, Este welega Cross- sectional TB patients, n = 406 33.7%
Kifle et al., 2014 [46] Amhara, Northwest Shewa Cross- sectional TB patients, n = 335 28.7%
Ligidi et al.,2011 [47] Oremiya, Adama Hospital based Cross- sectional TB patients, n = 258 26.4%
Mekonnen et al.,2015 [48] Tigray Rgion,Southern zone Retrospective TB patients, n = 973 24.3%
Mihret et al., 2014 [49] Addis Ababa Ethiopia Cross-sectional TB patients, n = 418 23.2%
Mitku et al. 2016 [50] Amhara Region, Hospital based Retrospective HIV positive, n = 571 27.7%
Skogmar et al.,2014 [51] Across Ethiopia Cross-sectional TB patients, n = 1116 27.5%
Tarekegne et al.,2016 [52] Amhara Rgion, Metema Hospital Retrospective TB patients, n = 2005 20.1%
Teklu et al., 2012 [53] Sothern Ethiopia, Sedo, institution based Retrospective HIV patients, n = 459 7.8%
Wondimeneh et al., 2012 [54] Amhara Region, Gondar university, Hospital based Cross sectional HIV patients, n = 400, 7.5%
Yassin et al., 2004 [55] Southern region of Ethiopia., health facilities Prospective epidemiological HIV patients, n = 261 19%
Degu J. et al. [56] Southern Ethiopia, Arba Minch Hospital Cross- sectional TB patients, n = 190 20.1%
Alemie G.A. et al., 2014 [30] Amhara Region, private health institutions Cross-sectional TB patient, n = 808 20%
EHNRI, 2014 [57] Across Ethiopia Survey in public health facilities TB patients, n = 13,684 20%
EPHI, 2015 [58] Across Ethiopia Survey in public health facilities TB patients, n = 7987 17.5%
  1. EHNRI Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institite, EPHI Ethiopian Public Health Institute.