Skip to main content

Table 1 Published cases of acute osteomyelitis caused by intraosseous devices in children and adults in literature

From: Acute Tibial osteomyelitis caused by intraosseous access during initial resuscitation: a case report and literature review

Reference Sex, age Interval daysa Predisposing factor Patient condition at the time of IO insertion Site Duration of IO device Culture Treatment Outcome
[6] Male,
5 months
10 days Initial resuscitation Proximal tibia Not cited Candida albicans Fluconazole Recovered
[7] Male,
62 years
6 months MGUS, diabetes Initial resuscitation Proximal tibia Not cited MRSA Vancomycin Recovered
[8] Male,
14 months
3 days - Initial resuscitation Bilateral distal femur Up to 24 h Escherichia coli, Enterobacter cloacae Unknown Unknown
[9] Male,
3 months
24 h Spastic tetraplegia Initial resuscitation
IO access no longer functional
Proximal tibia 2 h Acinebacter baumannii Amoxycillin, netilmicin, ceftazidime Died
[10] Male, 29 years 6 weeks Drug-addict Initial resuscitation
No peripheral IV access
Proximal tibia 1 h Escherichia coli, MSSA Ceftriaxone, metronidazole, ertapenem Recovered
Our report Male,
40 years
3 months Drug-addict Initial resuscitation
No peripheral IV access
Proximal tibia 24 h MSSA Levofloxacin, rifampicin Recovered
  1. MRSA methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, MSSA methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, IO intraosseous, MGUS monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance, aInterval between IO insertion device and admission to hospital