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Table 3 Treatment outcomes of the study cohort according to baseline characteristics

From: Treatment outcomes and factors affecting treatment outcomes of new patients with tuberculosis in Busan, South Korea: a retrospective study of a citywide registry, 2014–2015

  Totala
(n = 4732)
Success
(n = 3970)
P Lost to follow-upb
(n = 379)
P Died
(n = 379)
P
Age, years    <  0.001   0.229   <  0.001
 0–9 11 10 (90.9)   0 (0.0)   1 (9.1)  
 10–19 196 187 (95.4)   9 (4.6)   0 (0.0)  
 20–44 1451 1331 (91.7)   107 (7.4)   10 (0.7)  
 45–59 1190 1042 (87.6)   106 (8.9)   41 (3.5)  
 60–74 1117 893 (80.0)   97 (8.7)   127 (11.4)  
 ≥ 75 767 507 (66.1)   60 (7.8)   200 (26.1)  
Sex    <  0.001   <  0.001   0.002
 Male 2765 2249 (81.3)   264 (9.5)   250 (9.0)  
 Female 1967 1721 (87.5)   115 (5.8)   129 (6.6)  
Nationality    <  0.001   <  0.001   0.009
 Korean 4654 3919 (84.2)   352 (7.6)   379 (8.1)  
 Foreign 78 51 (65.4)   27 (34.6)   0 (0.0)  
Type of tuberculosis    0.011   0.018   <  0.001
 Pulmonary, smear positive 1464 1193 (81.5)   98 (6.7)   172 (11.7)  
 Pulmonary, smear negative 2307 1961 (85.0)   186 (8.1)   158 (6.8)  
 Extrapulmonary 961 816 (84.9)   95 (9.9)   49 (5.1)  
Type of institutionc    <  0.001   0.043   <  0.001
 Public health centre 551 519 (94.2)   27 (4.9)   4 (0.7)  
 General hospitald 3489 2910 (83.4)   298 (8.5)   278 (8.0)  
  PPM participating 2542 2117 (83.3)   212 (8.3)   210 (8.3)  
  PPM non-participating 947 793 (83.7)   86 (9.1)   68 (7.2)  
 Hospital 545 409 (75.0)   40 (7.3)   96 (17.6)  
 Clinic 147 132 (89.8)   14 (9.5)   1 (0.7)  
Number of registrations as TB-positive    <  0.001   0.148   <  0.001
 1 3711 3169 (85.4)   284 (7.7)   254 (6.8)  
 2 849 669 (78.8)   76 (9.0)   104 (12.2)  
 ≥ 3 172 132 (76.7)   19 (11.0)   21 (12.2)  
Regional deprivation index (quintile)e    0.556   0.820   0.201
 Q1 1135 85.4 ± 5.6   3.1 ± 2.8   8.0 ± 3.7  
 Q2 1237 83.7 ± 6.1   2.9 ± 2.0   8.3 ± 5.5  
 Q3 1213 83.1 ± 6.5   3.9 ± 3.1   8.6 ± 5.6  
 Q4 729 80.7 ± 12.4   3.7 ± 4.0   10.6 ± 8.8  
 Q5 344 83.8 ± 11.6   4.1 ± 6.5   5.5 ± 6.0  
  1. PPM public-private mix, TB tuberculosis
  2. Data are presented as numbers (%) or means ± standard deviations
  3. aIncluding four patients whose treatment failed
  4. bIncluding 208 patients whose treatment outcome was not evaluated
  5. cType of institution that reported the final treatment outcome
  6. dThere was no significant difference between PPM participating and non-participating general hospitals in rates of treatment success, loss to follow-up, or death
  7. en = 4658 (data missing for 74 patients)