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Table 1 General characteristics of HFMD patients

From: Molecular epidemiology and clinical features of hand, foot and mouth disease in northern Thailand in 2016: a prospective cohort study

Characteristic n %
Total 612 100.0
Province
 Chiang Rai 365 59.6
 Pha Yao 247 40.4
Season
 Summer (November–February) 102 16.7
 Rainy (June–October) 317 51.8
 Cold (March–May) 193 31.5
Sex
 Male 350 57.2
 Female 262 42.8
Age (years)   
  < 2 352 57.5
 2–3 146 23.9
  > 3 114 18.6
Residential area
 Rural 352 57.5
 Municipal 260 42.5
Participated in a group activity 2 weeks prior to disease onset
 No 138 22.6
 Yes 474 77.4
Type of attendance in a hospital   
 Outpatient 532 86.9
 Inpatient 80 13.1
History of breastfeeding
 No breastfeeding 24 3.9
  ≤ 6 months 224 36.6
  > 6 months 364 59.5
Vaccination history
 Complete and timely 562 91.8
 Incomplete and/or not timely 50 8.2
Place of daytime care
 Home 204 33.3
 Day care center 348 56.9
 Children’s school 60 9.8
Congenital disease
 No 582 95.1
 G6PD 16 2.6
 Allergy 10 1.7
 Thalassemia 2 0.3
 Asthma 2 0.3
Number of family members (persons)
  < 4 342 55.9
 4–7 218 35.6
  > 7 52 8.5
Number of family members aged < 6 years old (persons)
  ≤ 2 584 95.4
  > 2 28 4.6
History of HFMD in the previous year
 No 534 87.3
 Yes 78 12.7