Skip to main content

Table 3 The prevalence of pre-diabetes and DM among TB patients, stratified by lifestyles and risk factors, in Hanoi, Vietnam, 2016

From: Prevalence and associated factors of diabetes mellitus among tuberculosis patients in Hanoi, Vietnam

  Total TB patients evaluated for DM (n) TB patients with pre-DM (n) Prevalence of pre-DM (%; 95% CI) p value TB patients with DM (n) Prevalence of DM (%; 95% CI) p value
Total 831 241 29.0 (25.9–32.1)   114 13.7 (11.4–16.1)  
Family history of DM     0.052    <  0.001
Yes 69 13 18.8 (9.4–28.3)   20 29.0 (18.0–40.0)  
No 762 228 29.9 (26.7–33.2)   94 12.4 (10.0–14.7)  
Physical activities     0.283    0.299
Yes 278 74 26.6 (21.4–31.8)   43 15.5 (11.2–19.7)  
No 553 167 30.2 (26.4–34.0)   71 12.8 (10.0–15.6)  
Frequently of physical activities     0.426    0.147
  > 4 times per week 168 47 28.0 (21.1–34.8)   30 17.9 (12.0–23.7)  
1–4 times per week 63 16 25.4 (14.3–36.4)   9 14.3 (5.4–23.1)  
1–3 times per month 30 8 26.7 (9.9–43.5)   2 6.7 (0–16.1)  
  < 1 time per month 17 3 17.6 (0.0–37.9)   2 11.8 (0–28.8)  
Smoker     0.036    0.116
Never smoker 510 134 26.3 (22.4–30.1)   61 12.0 (9.1–14.8)  
Ex-smoker 213 70 32.9 (26.5–39.2)   36 16.9 (11.8–22.0)  
Smoker 108 37 34.3 (25.2–43.4)   17 15.7 (8.8–22.7)  
Drinker     0.705    0.454
Drinker 374 106 28.3 (23.8–32.9)   55 14.7 (11.1–18.3)  
Non-drinker 457 135 29.5 (25.3–33.7)   59 12.9 (9.8–16.0)  
Type of TB     0.219    0.070
PTB - smear positive 391 122 31.2 (26.6–35.8)   60 15.3 (11.8–18.9)  
PTB - smear negative 271 68 25.1 (19.9–30.3)   40 14.8 (10.5–19.0)  
EPTB 169 51 30.2 (23.2–37.2)   14 8.3 (4.1–12.5)  
TB treatment category     0.138    0.815
New 713 200 28.1 (24.7–31.4)   97 13.6 (11.1–16.1)  
Previously treated 118 41 34.7 (26.0–43.5)   17 14.4 (8.0–20.8)  
HIV status     0.722    0.555
Positive 16 4 25.0 (1.2–48.8)   3 18.8 (10.1–40.2)  
Negative 815 237 29.1 (1.6–26.0)   111 13.6 (11.3–16.0)  
  1. TB Tuberculosis; PTB Pulmonary Tuberculosis; EPTB Extra Pulmonary Tuberculosis; DM Diabetes mellitus;
  2. CI confidence interval; SD Standard deviation; VND Vietnam dong; BM Body mass index
  3. *p value by Kruskal-Wallis test and Cuzick test were used for the nonparametric data and to test for trend across ordered groups