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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with acute-on-chronic liver caused by HBV infection

From: Human cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus infections, risk factors, and their influence on the liver function of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure

  Total (n = 100) HCMV EBV
Infected (n = 5) Un-infected (n = 95) P Infected (n = 23) Un-infected (n = 77) P
Sex (M/F) 81/19 5/0 76/19 0.580 17/6 64/13 0.367
Agea 47.68 ± 12.520 45.00 ± 13.191 47.82 ± 12.541 0.626 52.65 ± 15.098 46.19 ± 11.335 0.067
  ≥ 60 yr 19 (19.0%) 1 (20.0%) 18 (18.9%) 1.000 8 (34.8%) 11 (14.3%) 0.037
Liver Cirrhosis 46 (46.0%) 2 (40.0%) 44 (46.3%) 1.000 12 (52.2%) 34 (44.2%) 0.498
Underling Conditionsb
 Hypertension 13 (13.0%) 1 (20.0%) 12 (12.6%) 0.509 2 (8.7%) 11 (14.3%) 0.727
 Diabetes Mellitus 11 (11.0%) 1 (20.0%) 10 (10.5%) 0.449 4 (17.4%) 7 (9.1%) 0.271
 Coronary Atherosclerotic Heart Disease 4 (4.0%) 0 (0.0%) 4 (4.2%) 1.000 1 (4.3%) 3 (3.9%) 1.000
 Chronic Bronchitis and Pulmonary emphysema 1 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.1%) 1.000 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%) 1.000
 Ulcerative Colitis 1 (1.0%) 1 (20.0%) 0 (0.0%) 0.086 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%) 1.000
 Schizophrenia 2 (2.0%) 0 (0.0%) 2 (2.1%) 1.000 0 (0.0%) 2 (2.6%) 1.000
 Chronic kidney disease 1 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.1%) 1.000 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.3%) 1.000
Neoplasm
 Gastric Carcinoma 1 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.1%) 1.000 0 (0.0%) 1 (2.2%) 1.000
 Renal Carcinoma 1 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%) 1 (1.1%) 1.000 1 (7.7%) 0 (0.0%) 0.224
  1. Note: amean ± standard deviation, years; bone patient underling conditions included coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, hypertension, chronic bronchitis and emphysema pulmonum; one patient coexisting conditions included diabetes Mellitus, hypertension; and one patient coexisting conditions included coronary atherosclerotic heart Disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension