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Table 1 Chlamydia trachomatis infection among reproductive age women in different study populations in different regions of Sub Saharan Africa from 1997 to 2016 [18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33,34]

From: Prevalence of chlamydia trachomatis infection among reproductive age women in sub Saharan Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Authors, publication year [Ref] Country Study population Sample size Prvalence(%) Specimen Age group Diagnostic methods
Yirenya et al., 2014 [18] Ghana Community 191 6.3 Endocervical swabs 15–49 PCR
Obasi et al., 2001 [19] Tanzania Community 4686 2.4 Urine 15–19 PCR
Wariso et al., 2012 [20] Nigeria Student 400 11 Urine 16–30 PCR
Ikeme et al., 2011 [21] Nigeria Community 286 29.4 Blood 20–34 ICT
Buve et al., 2001 [22] Benin Community 962 1.3 Urine 15–49 PCR
Buve et al., 2001 [22] Cameron Community 1016 9.4 Urine 15–49 PCR
Buve et al., 2001 [22] Kenya Community 821 4.5 Urine 15–49 PCR
Buve et al., 2001 [22] Zambia Community 890 2.9 Urine 15–49 PCR
Arize et al., 2014 [23] Nigeria Students 354 30.2 Endocervical swabs 15–30 ICT
Abubakari et al.,2016 [24] Ghana FCSWs 100 19 Endocervical swabs 18–35 ICT
Vandepitte et al.,2007 [25] Congo FCSWs 502 8.4 Vaginal swabs 15–49 PCR
Opoku & Sarkodie,2014 [26] Ghana FCSWs 1070 4.8 vaginal swabs 18–35 ICT
Francis et al., 2014 [27] Tanzania FCSWs 966 12 Blood (Serum) 18–44 PCR
Apea-Kubi,2014 [28] Ghana OB and Gyn 465 3 Endocervical swabs 15–49 PCR
Gomes et al., 2001 [29] Guinea-Bissau STI and FP 200 4 Endocervical swabs 15–49 PCR
Luján et al., 2008 [30] Mozambique ANC 1119 4.1 urine 15–49 PCR
Kohli et al., 2013 [31] Kenya OPD 300 6 Vaginal swabs 18–45 ICT
Adesiji et al., 2015 [32] Nigeria FP and Gyn 140 0.7 Endocervical swabs 15–49 ICT
Tadesse et al., 2016 [33] Hawassa FP and Gyn 322 18.9 Endocervical swabs 15–49 ICT
Musa et al., 2016 [34] Uganda Gyn 324 26.5 Endocervical swabs 15–49 ICT
Mainaet al., 2016 [35] Kenya FP 261 13 Endocervical swabs 18–49 PCR
Peters et al., 2014 [36] South Africa ANC 603 16 Vaginal swabs 18–49 PCR
Mayaud et al., 2016 [37] Tanzania ANC 660 5.9 Endocervical swabs 15–49 ICT
Blankhartet al., 1999 [38] C.A Rep. ANC 481 6.2 Endocervical swab 15–49 PCR
  1. ANC antenatal care, OB obstetrics, FCSHS Female commercial sex workers, FP Family planning, Gyn gynecology, Community based study (all reproductive age women who live in the study area), ICT Immuno chromatographic test and PCR Polymerase chain reaction