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Table 4 Crude and adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) of LTFU in HIV care for Option B+ by socio-demographic characteristics and enabling resources

From: Retention of HIV infected pregnant and breastfeeding women on option B+ in Gomba District, Uganda: a retrospective cohort study

Characteristic Crude HR (95% CI) Adjusted HR (95% CI) P-value
Age(years)
  ≤ 24 1.8 (1.43,2,29) 1.71 (1.28,2.30) < 0.001a
  ≥ 25 1.0 1.0  
Education level
 Post Primary 1.0 1.0  
 Primary 3.479 (2.35,5.13) 3.83 (2.31,6.33) < 0.001a
 No Formal Education 6.92 (4.51,10.62) 5.55 (3.11,9.92) < 0.001a
Marital status
 Single 1.0   
 Married/Cohabiting 0.97 (0.53,1.78)   
 Divorced/Separated 1.50 (0.79,2.85)   
Disclosure status
 Yes 1.0 1.0  
 No 2.87 (2.21,3.71) 1.59 (1.16,2.19) 0.004a
Period of starting ART
 Before Pregnancy 1.0 1.0  
 During Pregnancy 3.81 (2.41,6.03) 2.66 (1.60,4.44) < 0.001a
 Breastfeeding 3.17 (1.85,5.42) 1.88 (1.02,3.44) 0.042
Place of Delivery
 Home 1.0   
 Health Center II/III 0.50 (0.35,0.70) 0.79 (0.54,1.14) 0.209
 Health Center IV 0.31 (0.21,0.44) 0.61 (0.41,0.93) 0.021a
 Private Clinic 1.81 (1.21,2.70) 1.73 (1.08,2.77) 0.021
Baby DNA-PCR at 6 weeks done
 Yes 1.0 1.0  
 No 6.77 (5.52,8.76) 4.57 (3.17,6.57) < 0.001a
Results for 6 weeks DNA-PCR received
 Yes 1.0 1.0  
 No 2.41 (1.43,4.09) 1.57 (0.79,3.10) 0.192
Final Status of child  
 Positive 1.0 1.0  
 Negative 1.88 (1.17,3.04) 1.18 (0.63,2.20) 0.602
Income/Monthly (Uganda Shilling)   
  < 50,000 3.32 (1.35,8.19)   
 50,001-100,000 2.29 (0.86,6.12)   
  > 100,000 1.00   
Distance from health facility   
  < 1 km 1.00   
 1-5 km 1.67 (0.77,3.67)   
  > 5 km 3.48 (1.57,7.69)   
  1. aSocio-demographic predictors of retention in care for women under Option B+