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Table 4 Risk factors associated with T. solium cysticerci exposure identified by a LLGP-EITB assay

From: The epidemiology of Taenia spp. infection and Taenia solium cysticerci exposure in humans in the Central Highlands of Vietnam

Explanatory variable Number positive Number of individuals Regression coefficient (SE) P value Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Intercept 17 339 −6.4694 (1.0615) < 0.01
Raw vegetable consumption < 0.01  
 Occasionally 4 226 Reference   1.00
 Often 13 113 2.3006 (0.6318)   9.98 (2.89 to 34.4)a
Area of defaecationb < 0.01  
 Close latrine 5 228 Reference   1.00
 Outdoor 12 110 2.4125 (0.6763)   11.1 (2.97 to 42.0)
Source of drinking water < 0.05  
 Otherc 9 253 Reference   1.00
 Stream/Lake/Pond 8 86 1.3702 (0.5684)   3.94 (1.29 to 11.9)
  1. aInterpretation: After adjusting for other explanatory variables in the model, the odds of an individual who consumed raw vegetables often being T. solium cysticerci exposure was 9.98 (95% CI 2.89 to 34.4) times that of an individual who consumed rare vegetables rarely
  2. bA single individual with a missing value for area of defaecation excluded
  3. cDrinking water sourced from wells, pipes, rainy and packed water