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Table 2 WHO hospital indicators at the selected primary health care centers

From: Antimicrobial use by WHO methodology at primary health care centers: a cross sectional study in Punjab, Pakistan

Sr. No. Indicator RHCsg(n = 16) BHUs h(n = 16) All PHCCsi(n = 32) p-value
1 Existence of DTCb, % 100 100 100 -------a
2 Availability of STGsc for infectious diseases, % 0.0 0.0 0.0 -------a
3 Availability of FL/EMLd, % 100 100 100 -------a
4 Number of AMs on the FL/EML 15 15 15 -------a
5 Medicines identified by INNe, % 100 100 100 -------a
6 Key AMs in stock, % 73.8 (60–100) 47.9 (33.3–73.3) 60.8 (33.3–100) < 0.001
7 No. of days/month that a set of key AMs is out of stock, mean (range) 7.4 (3.1–9.7) 15.4 (8.7–19.2) 12.1 (3.1–19.2) < 0.001
8 Total number of patients discharged per PHCC during the last calendar year 1056 (783–1371) 413 (309–591) 756 (309–1371) < 0.001
9 Surgeries performed during the last calendar year Major = 47.5 (29–93) Major = 17.5 (11–33) Major = 29.5 (11–93) < 0.001
Minor = 219 (165–303) Minor = 134.5 (104–207) Minor = 189 (104–303)
10 Expenditure on AMsf per total PHCC medicine costs, % 23.2 (17.1–29.5) 31.3 (21.4–39.0) 26.2 (17.1–39.0) < 0.001
  1. aMann-Whitney U Test was not applied for these indicators as there was no variation in their values, bDrug and therapeutic committee; cStandard treatment guidelines; dFormulary list/essential medicines list; eInternational non-proprietary names; fAnnual bulk purchase data only; gRural health centers; hBasic health units; iPrimary health care centers