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Table 1 Demographic variables and baseline clinical features (n = 219)

From: Factors affecting clinical outcomes in the management of melioidosis in Singapore: a 16-year case series

Variable Frequency (%) / Mean ± SD
Demographics
 Gender
  Male 182 (83.1)
  Female 37 (16.9)
 Age (years) 55.7 ± 14.3
 Chinese 141 (64.4)
 Singapore resident 210 (95.9)
 Smoker 97 (44.3)
Comorbidities
 Diabetes mellitus 138 (63)
 Hypertension 97 (44.3)
 Hyperlipidemia 67 (30.6)
 Ischemic heart disease 39 (17.8)
 Lung disease 17 (7.8)
 Liver disease 11 (5)
 Renal disease 31 (14.2)
 Malignancies 22 (10)
 Rheumatological disease 12 (5.5)
 HIV infection 1 (0.5)
 Haematological condition 15 (6.8)
 Stroke 11 (5)
 History of tuberculosis 16 (7.3)
 History of melioidosis 11 (5)
 Immunosuppressive drugs 7 (3.2)
Symptoms
 Fever 178 (81.3)
 Chills or rigors 109 (49.8)
 Lethargy 106 (48.4)
 Cough 111 (50.7)
 Weight loss 62 (28.3)
 Urinary symptoms 43 (19.6)
 Joint pain or swelling 23 (10.5)
Total Duration of symptoms
 Less than 4 weeks 157 (71.7)
Disease Severity
 Bacteremia 148 (67.6)
 Multifocal infection 109 (49.8)
 Shock requiring inotropic support 46 (21)
 Acute kidney injury requiring dialysis 24 (11)
 Mechanical ventilation 47 (21.5)
Organ involvement
 Endovascular system 4 (1.8)
 Lung 156 (71.2)
 Liver 29 (13.2)
 Splenic 42 (19.2)
 Liver and spleen 13 (5.9)
 Genitourinary tract 52 (23.7)
 Musculoskeletal or SSTI 68 (31.1)
 Central nervous system 16 (7.3)
 Lymphatic system 60 (27.4)