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Table 1 Demographics and clinical characteristics of patients with and without ceftriaxone-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization at enrollment

From: Drug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae colonization is associated with healthcare utilization and antimicrobial use among inpatients in Pune, India

Patient characteristic Colonization with ceftriaxone-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, n (%) or median (IQR) p-value
Not colonized, n = 810 Colonized, n = 87
Median age, years 19 (4–35) 23 (8–40) 0.07
Children (age <  12 years) 332 (41) 26 (30) 0.05
Male 487 (60) 51 (59) 0.82
Diabetes 34 (4) 5 (6) 0.42
HIV 85 (19) 11 (20) 0.86
Alcoholism 57 (7) 1 (1) 0.04
Smoking 67 (8) 7 (8) 1.00
Income < 5000 INR per montha 281 (35) 23 (26) 0.15
Works with animalsa 150 (19) 20 (23) 0.31
Farmer or laborera 317 (39) 32 (37) 0.73
General practitioner visit prior to hospitalization 273 (36) 37 (44) 0.19
Ayurvedic provider visit prior to hospitalization 36 (5) 8 (9) 0.12
Hospitalized within the past 3 months 113 (14) 18 (21) 0.11
Self-report of antibiotic use in the last month 188 (23) 26 (30) 0.19
Recent healthcare contactb 456 (56) 65 (75) < 0.01
Admission to ICU 153 (19) 13 (15) 0.47
Cough 370 (46) 32 (37) 0.14
Diarrhea 154 (19) 16 (18) 1.00
  1. IQR interquartile range, INR Indian rupees, ICU intensive care unit
  2. aFor children, this refers to the parents
  3. bComposite of visit to general practitioner or ayurvedic provider, hospitalization within the past 3 months, or self-reported antibiotic use in the last month