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Table 1 TB and ART trends: comparative summary statistics — 23 countries, sub-Saharan Africa, 2010–2015

From: Assessing the impact of antiretroviral therapy on tuberculosis notification rates among people with HIV: a descriptive analysis of 23 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, 2010–2015

  2010 estimated adult HIV prevalence, % (95% CI) 2010 estimated TB incidence per 100,000 (95% CI) 2010 ART coverage,% Absolute increase in ART coverageb, % Average ART coverage, % Average annual percent change in TB notification ratea
People with HIV (%) People without HIV (%)
Central Africa
 Cameroon 4.6 (4.0–5.1) 274 (226–327) 16 14 23 −1.7 + 1.2
Eastern Africa
 Burundi 1.5 (1.1–1.8) 144 (127–163) 25 25 36 −6.2 −0.9
 Kenya 6.1 (5.5–6.8) 298 (286–311) 29 28 42 −6.8 −3.9
 Rwanda 3.5 (2.9–4.0) 106 (94–118) 47 27 61 −5.7 −4.1
 Tanzania 5.6 (4.7–6.4) 177 (166–189) 18 37 36 −1.4 −2.3
 Uganda 7.4 (6.9–7.8) 209 (169–253) 20 40 39 −5.5 −0.1
Southern Africa
 Botswana 23.0 (20.3–24.4) 500 (449–560) 50 27 63 −6.8 −4.7
 Lesotho 23.3 (21.1–24.5) 633 (553–719) 29 11 33 −8.3 −5.1
 Malawi 10.9 (9.9–11.3) 219 (203–236) 26 32 43 −6.9 −4.2
 Mozambique 14.0 (12.3–15.6) 544 (377–741) 13 31 25 + 1.4 + 9.3
 Namibia 14.2 (12.5–15.5) 867 (686–1070) 43 20 55 −7.6 −0.1
 South Africa 18.3 (15.9–20.5) 981 (809–1170) 20 29 36 −8.1 −1.3
 Swaziland 27.2 (24.8–28.5) 1290 (1060–1530) 33 36 49 −10.9 −7.4
 Zambia 12.7 (12.1–13.3) 462 (418–509) 34 30 49 −6.3 −3.7
 Zimbabwe 15.8 (13.5–18.2) 633 (489–795) 29 39 49 −7.6 −5.0
Western Africa
 Benin 1.1 (0.8–1.5) 69 (57–82) 33 18 42 −0.5 −1.8
 Burkina Faso 1.1 (0.8–1.3) 58 (49–67) 31 24 42 −6.3 + 1.9
 Côte d’Ivoire 3.8 (3.2–4.2) 190 (165–217) 16 18 24 −2.5 −2.8
 Ghana 1.9 (1.5–2.4) 86 (75–97) 13 15 23 −2.0 −3.4
 Nigeria 3.4 (2.4–4.6) 133 (64–225) 11 15 18 −5.2 −0.1
 Senegal 0.6 (0.5–0.7) 137 (113–163) 28 16 34 −2.2 + 2.7
 Sierra Leone 1.7 (1.3–2.1) 660 (540–791) 11 10 15 + 2.0 −4.2
 Togo 2.9 (2.1–4.2) 73 (60–87) 19 20 28 + 3.3 −2.2
  1. aAverage annual percent change is calculated by assuming a constant annual percent change between the first and last years of TB case notification rate estimates based on available high-quality data during 2010–2015; positive values indicate an increase in TB incidence while negative numbers indicate a decrease
  2. bAbsolute increase in ART coverage is defined as the difference between ART coverage in 2015 and ART coverage in 2010