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Table 1 Socioeconomic characteristic of women participating in the study according to infection status Data are expressed in no (%) of women

From: Association between unhygienic menstrual management practices and prevalence of lower reproductive tract infections: a hospital-based cross-sectional study in Odisha, India

Exposures With BV (N = 229) Without BV (N = 329) P-value With Candidiasis (N = 190) Without Candidiasis (N = 368) P-value With TV (N = 31) Without TV (N = 527) P-value
Age
 18–25 years 63 (27.51) 100 (30.40) 0.758 59 (31.05) 104 (28.26) 0.069 7 (22.58) 156 (29.60) 0.468
 26–35 years 89 (38.86) 124 (37.69) 81 (42.63) 132 (35.87) 15 (48.39) 198 (37.57)
 36–45 years 77 (33.62) 105 (31.91) 50 (26.32) 132 (35.87) 9 (29.03) 173 (32.83)
Marital status
 Never married 23 (10.04) 52 (15.81) 0.146 28 (14.74) 47 (12.77) 0.137 1(3.23) 74 (14.04) 0.177
 Married 203(88.65) 273 (82.98) 162 (85.26) 314 (85.33) 30 (96.77) 446 (84.63)
 Divorcee& widow 3 (1.31) 4 (1.22) 0 7 (1.90) 0 7 (1.33)
What is your religion
 Hindu 222(96.94) 316 (96.05) 0.098 183 (96.32) 355 (96.47) 0.524 31 (100.00) 507 (96.20) 0.543
 Muslim 7 (3.06) 7 (2.13) 6 (3.16) 8 (2.17) 0 14 (2.66)
 Christian 0 6 (1.82) 1 (0.53) 5 (1.36) 0 6 (1.14)
What is your caste or tribe
 Scheduled caste (SC) 41 (18.47) 47 (14.87) 0.250 22 (12.02) 66 (18.59) 0.067 5 (16.13) 83 (16.37) 0.667
 Scheduled tribe (ST) 6 (2.70) 10 (3.16) 4 (2.19) 12 (3.38) 0 16 (3.16)
 Other backward caste (OBC) 127 (57.21) 168 (53.16) 114 (62.30) 181 (50.99) 16 (51.61) 279 (55.03)
 Other Caste 48 (21.62) 91 (28.80) 43 (23.50) 96 (27.04) 10 (32.26) 129 (25.44)
Education
 No formal education 40 (17.47) 46 (13.98) 0.266 40 (21.05) 46 (12.50) 0.006 7 (22.58) 79 (14.99) 0.235
 5th – 10th grade 102 (44.54) 137 (41.64) 85 (44.74) 154 (41.85) 9 (29.03) 230 (43.64)
 12th grade or higher 87 (37.99) 146 (44.38) 65 (34.21) 168 (45.65) 15 (48.39) 218 (41.37)
What is your occupation
 Employed 30 (13.10) 52 (15.81) 0.351 26 (13.68) 56 (15.22) 0.642 4 (12.90) 78 (14.80) 0.534
 Housewife 179 (78.17) 238 (72.34) 141 (74.21) 276 (75.00) 26 (83.87) 391 (74.19)
 Student 15 (6.55) 33 (10.03) 20 (10.53) 28 (7.61) 1 (3.23) 47 (8.92)
 Other 5 (2.18) 6 (1.82) 3 (1.58) 8 (2.17) 0 11 (2.09)
How many family members in hh
 3 or less 47 (20.52) 66 (20.06) 0.712 44 (23.16) 69 (18.75) 0.470 7 (22.58) 106 (20.11) 0.379
 4–5 119 (51.97) 162 (49.24) 92 (48.42) 189 (51.36) 12 (38.71) 269 (51.04)
 More than 5 63 (27.51) 101 (30.70) 54 (28.42) 110 (29.89) 12 (38.71) 152 (28.84)
Economic status (monthly income)
  < 5000.00 30 (13.10) 35 (10.64) 0.427 26 (13.68) 39 (10.60) 0.607 5 (16.13) 60 (11.39) 0.776
 5000.00 – 10,000 65 (28.38) 114 (34.64) 59 (31.05) 120 (32.61) 11 (35.48) 168 (31.88)
  > 10,000.00 103 (44.98) 136 (41.34) 77 (40.53) 162 (44.02) 11 (35.48) 228 (43.26)
 Don’t know 31 (13.54) 44 (13.37) 28 (14.74) 47 (12.77) 4 (12.90) 71 (13.47)
  1. P-value determined by Pearson’s chi-square (χ2) test. (hh = household)