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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of sexually-experienced and non-pregnant youth (aged 16–24 years) enrolled in the AYAZAZI study in South Africa, stratified by sex (n = 352)

From: A high burden of asymptomatic genital tract infections undermines the syndromic management approach among adolescents and young adults in South Africa: implications for HIV prevention efforts

Characteristics Overall
n = 352
n (%)
Total n Females
n = 198
Males
n = 154
P-value
n (%)
Socio-demographics
 Study Site   352    0.314
  Soweto 173 (49.2)   102 (51.5) 71 (46.1)  
  Durban 179 (50.8)   96 (48.5) 83 (53.9)  
 Age category, years   352    0.734
  16 to 17 60 (17.1)   31 (15.7) 29 (18.8)  
  18 to 20 187 (53.1)   107 (54.0) 80 (52.0)  
  21 to 24 105 (29.8)   60 (30.3) 45 (29.2)  
 Sexual orientation   351    0.533
  Heterosexual 327 (93.2)   183 (92.4) 144 (94.1)  
  LGBTQa 24 (6.8)   15 (7.6) 9 (5.9)  
 Currently in school   351    0.615
  Yes 232 (66.1)   128 (65.0) 104 (67.5)  
  No 119 (33.9)   69 (35.0) 50 (32.5)  
 Food insecurityb   347    0.989
  Low 257 (74.1)   143 (74.1) 114 (74.0)  
  High 90 (25.9)   50 (25.9) 40 (26.0)  
 Housing   352    0.006
  Formal 255 (72.4)   132 (66.7) 123 (79.9)  
  Informalc 97 (27.6)   66 (33.3) 31 (20.1)  
 Monthly personal incomed   352    0.008
  < 400 ZAR 93 (26.4)   43 (21.7) 50 (32.5)  
  401–1600 ZAR 174 (49.4)   112 (56.6) 62 (40.3)  
  1601+ ZAR 85 (24.2)   43 (21.7) 42 (27.3)  
Sexual history and socio-structural variables
 Self-perceived HIV risk   347    0.940
  None/low risk 193 (55.6)   107 (55.4) 86 (55.8)  
  Medium/high risk 154 (44.4)   86 (44.6) 68 (44.2)  
 ≥2 Sexual partners in P6me   352    < 0.001
  Yes 111 (31.5)   41 (20.7) 70 (45.5)  
  No 241 (68.5)   157 (79.3) 84 (54.5)  
 Condom use in P6m   343    < 0.001
  Consistent (“always”) 111 (32.4)   37 (19.4) 74 (48.7)  
  Inconsistent (“sometimes”/“never”) 232 (67.6)   154 (80.6) 78 (51.3)  
 Age-disparate sex partner in P6mf   340    < 0.001
  Yes 85 (25.0)   68 (34.9) 18 (12.4)  
  No 255 (75.0)   127 (65.1) 127 (87.6)  
 Ever had transactional sexg   347    < 0.001
  Yes 49 (14.1)   14 (7.2) 35 (22.9)  
  No 298 (85.9)   180 (92.8) 118 (77.1)  
 Ever been/made pregnant   352    < 0.001
  Yes 118 (33.5)   93 (47.0) 25 (16.2)  
  No 234 (66.5)   105 (53.0) 129 (83.8)  
 Ever experienced physical/sexual violence   347    0.001
  Yes 59 (17.0)   45 (23.3) 14 (9.1)  
  No 288 (83.0)   148 (76.7) 140 (90.9)  
  1. Notes: a LGBTQ refers to individuals who identify their sexual orientation as Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, or Queer; b Food insecurity was defined as high if the participant or a household member had ever slept hungry, had no food to eat because of lack of money, or ever went a day and night without eating; c Informal housing includes RDP housing (government subsidized housing), shacks, or hostels; d ZAR = South African Rand, with 400 ZAR = $25 USD and 1601 ZAR = $100 USD using the May 30, 2016 currency exchange rate of 1 ZAR = 0.063 USD; e P6m refers to the 6 months prior to interview; f Sexual partner is ≥5 years older or younger than participant; g Transactional sex was classified as ever having sex with someone in exchange for something (given or received)