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Table 3 Behavior Related Factors Associated with Virological Failure among Adolescents on ART in Harare City, 2017

From: Virological failure among adolescents on ART, Harare City, 2017- a case-control study

Variable Category Cases Controls OR 95%CI
Alcohol use Yes 39 (38) 6 (6) 9.9 3.96–24.76*
No 63(62) 96 (94)   
Smoking Yes 16(16) 2 (2) 9.3 2.08–41.61*
No 86 (84) 100 (98)   
Substance abuse Yes 9(9) 3(3) 3.2 0.80–12.16
No 93(91) 99(97)   
Use of herbs Yes 26(25) 8(8) 4.0 1.70–9.30*
No 76(75) 94(92)   
Poor adherence Yes 77 (75) 31 (30) 7.05 3.80–13.08*
No 25 (25) 71 (70)   
Busy schedules Yes 47 (46) 17 (17) 4.32 2.23–8.19*
No 55 (54) 85 (83)   
Being sexually active Yes 48 (47) 25 (25) 2.74 1.51–4.97*
No 54 (53) 77 (75)   
> 1 sexual partner in the last 12mnth Yes 24(55) 4 (18) 5.4 1.57–18.57*
No 20 (45) 18 (82)   
Correct &consistent use of a condom Always 6 (15) 13 (62) 0.11 0.03–0.37*
Sometimes 34(85) 8 (38)   
Having sex under the influence of alcohol Yes 29(67) 2 (11) 16.57 3.34–82.28*
No 14 (33) 16(89)   
Not disclosing HIV status Yes 51 (50) 15 (15) 5.88 2.94–11.11*
No 51 (50) 87 (85)   
  1. *Stastistically significant