Skip to main content

Table 4 Univariate and multivariate logistic regression for hospital mortality

From: Impact of microbial Aetiology on mortality in severe community-acquired pneumonia

Variable Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
O.R. (95% CI) p-value Adjusted O.R. (95% CI) p-value
Age 1.03 (0.99, 1.07) 0.114 1.01 (0.94, 1.09) 0.738
Male 0.72 (0.23, 2.24) 0.573 0.37 (0.05, 2.61) 0.320
Diabetes Mellitus 1.03 (0.33, 3.20) 0.964 1.32 (0.13, 13.04) 0.814
Hypertension 0.95 (0.33, 2.76) 0.930 0.57 (0.08, 4.18) 0.578
Cardiac disease 2.43 (0.79, 7.48) 0.122 4.85 (0.63, 37.7) 0.131
Chronic lung disease 0.24 (0.23, 1.91) 0.178 0.34 (0.03, 4.38) 0.404
Cerebrovascular disease 1.89 (0.46, 7.68) 0.375 5.59 (0.58, 53.7) 0.136
End-stage renal failure 4.67 (0.72, 30.4) 0.108 7.23 (0.18, 296.8) 0.297
Serum C-Reactive Protein 1.00 (1.00, 1.00) 0.693 1.00 (0.99, 1.01) 0.872
Serum Procalcitonin 1.01 (1.00, 1.03) 0.035 1.03 (1.00, 1.05) 0.044
Multilobar lung infiltrates 1.08 (0.34, 2.36) 0.900 2.14 (0.36, 12.51) 0.400
Pleural effusion 1.71 (0.43, 6.89) 0.449 7.97 (0.36, 178.40) 0.191
APACHE II 1.12 (1.05, 1.19) 0.001 1.15 (1.03, 1.28) 0.014
Appropriate empirical antibiotics 0.52 (0.10, 2.77) 0.444 2.59 (0.013, 522.06) 0.726
Microbial pathogens
-No isolates 1    
-Bacteria only 0.30 (0.03, 3.07) 0.312 0.14 (0.004,2.27) 0.143
-Viruses only 1.85 (0.40, 8.49) 0.428 4.63 (0.47, 45.53) 0.189
-Mixed viral-bacterial co-infections 6.36 (1.39, 29.1) 0.017 13.99 (1.30, 151.05) 0.030
-Atypical infection Omitted   Omitted  
  1. Data are presented as odds ratio (95% confidence interval)
  2. APACHE Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation