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Table 5 Adjusted effect of age and period on pathogens carriage among the study participants

From: Upper respiratory infections in a rural area with reduced malaria transmission in Senegal: a pathogens community study

Presence of virus
  Frequency (95%CI) OR (95%CI) aOR (95%CI) p value
Age categories
  < 1 year 78.9 (67.5–87.7) Reference Reference  
 1–5 years 69.1 (60.1–77.1) 0.60 (0.30–1.19) 0.58 (0.28–1.19) 0.13
 6–15 years 64.2 (35.1–87.2) 0.48 (0.14–1.65) 0.52 (0.14–1.87) 0.32
  > 15 years 59.5 (43.3–74.4) 0.39 (0.17–0.97) 0.39 (0.16–0.94) 0.04
Study period
 August 88.0 (75.7–95.5) Reference Reference  
 September 58.0 (43.2–71.8) 0.19 (0.07–0.52) 0.19 (0.07–0.55) 0.002
 October 82.0 (68.6–91.4) 0.56 (0.19–1.68) 0.61 (0.20–1.85) 0.38
 November 60.0 (45.2–73.6) 0.21 (0.08–0.60) 0.22 (0.08–0.64) 0.005
 December 62.0 (47.2–75.3) 0.22 (0.08–0.62) 0.22 (0.08–0.63) 0.005
Presence of bacteria
  Frequency (95%CI) OR (95%CI) aOR (95%CI) p value
Age categories
  < 1 year 90.1 (80.7–95.9) Reference Reference
 1–5 years 88.6 (81.6 - 93.6) 0.85 (0.33–2.22) 0.82 (0.30–2.24) 0.69
 6–15 years 92.8 (66.1–99.8) 1.42 (0.16–12.56) 0.95 (0.09–9.25) 0.97
  > 15 years 50.0 (34.2–65.8) 0.11 (0.04–0.29) 0.05 (0.02–0.18) < 0.001
Study period
 August 66.0 (51.2–78.8) Reference Reference
 September 98 (89.3–99.9) 25.2 (3.5–45.8) 56.5 (6.19–60.8) < 0.001
 October 80 (66.3–89.9) 1.87 (0.77–4.55) 3.55 (1.21–10.39) 0.02
 November 84 (70.9–92.8) 3.09 (1.15–8.33) 8.66 (2.47–30.44) 0.001
 December 86 (73.2–94.2) 3.16 (1.17–8.52) 4.51 (1.45–14.02) 0.009
  1. Goodness of fit: chi (8df) = 3.74; p = 0.88. Area under the curve: 83.4%. Akaike information criterion (AIC) = 298.26; Bayesian information criterion = 326.43. Variance inflation factor (VIF) = 1.48