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Table 2 Overall distribution of sample positivity and pathogens association (N = 250)

From: Upper respiratory infections in a rural area with reduced malaria transmission in Senegal: a pathogens community study

Type of pathogenes Number Percentage (95%CI)
Virus
 Absence 75 30 24.4–36.1
 patients with viral species 124 49.6 43.2–55.9
 patients carrying 2 viral species 44 17.6 13.1–22.9
 patients with 3 viral species 07 02.8 1.1–5.7
Combined (at least 1 viral pathogen) 175 70 63.9–75.6
 Bacteria
  Absence 43 17.2 12.7–22.5
  patients with 1 bacterial species 139 55.6 49.2–61.8
  Patients with 2 bacterial species 68 27.2 21.8–33.2
Combined (at least 1 bacterial pathogen)a 207 82.8 77.5–87.3
 Association of virus and bacteria
  Absence 12 4.8 2.5–8.2
  Patients with at least 1 virus and 1 bacterial species 238 95.2 91.8–97.5
  1. aComparison between proportion of patients with at least one viral pathogen versus patients with bacterial pathogen: difference = 12.8% (95%CI (5.4–20.2) p = 0.001)