Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with intestinal parasitic infection among school age children (n = 391) in Arbaminch Zuria district, Southern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Burden of intestinal helminths and associated factors three years after initiation of mass drug administration in Arbaminch Zuria district, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Category Number examined Rate of helminth infection N (%) COR (95%CI) p-value AOR (95%CI) p-value
Age group (in years) 6–11 254 124(48.8) 0.77 (0.51–1.17) 0.221 0.59 (0.32–1.11) 0.103
12–14 137 58 (42.3) 1   1  
Child sex Male 196 90 (45.9) 1    
Female 195 92 (47.2) 0.95 (0.64–1.41) 0.803   
School Enrolment Enrolled 223 109(48.9) 1    
Non enrolled 168 73 (43.5) 1.24 (0.83–1.86) 0.287   
Wash fruits and vegetables before consumption Yes 113 63 (55.8) 1 1   
No 95 44 (46.3) 1.46 (0.84–2.53 0.176 2.16 (1.10–4.25) 0.026
Habit of swimming Yes 108 61 (56.5) 1.15 (1.03–1.69) 0.015 1.17 (1.03–1.95) 0.045
No 283 121 (42.8) 1   1  
Habit of hand washing after toilet Yes 265 118 (44.5) 1   1  
No 126 64 (50.8) 0.78 (0.51–1.19) 0.246 0.73 (0.35–1.54) 0.408
Hand washing habit before meal Yes 308 130 (46.9) 1   1  
No 114 52 (45.6) 1.05 (0.68–1.63) 0.812 0.74 (0.31–1.75) 0.493
Habit of wearing shoe Yes 362 167 (46.1) 1    
No 29 15 (51.7) 0.97 (0.44–2.13) 0.933   
Presence of tame animals at home Yes 338 161 (47.6) 0.72 (0.40–1.30) 0.278   
No 53 21 (39.6) 1    
Dewormed in last year national deworming campaign Yes 128 68 (53.1) 1   1  
No 263 114 (43.3) 1.48 (0.97–2.26) 0.070 1.23 (0.68–2.22) 0.496
Latrine availability Yes 374 169 (45.2) 1   1  
No 17 13 (76.5) 1.25 (1.08–1.79) 0.018 1.43 (0.10–1.95) 0.275
Source of drinking water Safe 339 158 (46.6) 1   1  
Unsafe 52 24 (46.2) 1.02 (0.57–1.83) 0.951 1.42 (0.54–3.73) 0.481
  1. AOR Adjusted Odd Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, COR Crude Odd Ratio