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Table 1 Characteristics of the eligible studies with IHA and the Kato-Katz method

From: The ratio of the seroprevalence to the egg-positive prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum in China: a meta-analysis

Author, year Period of study Location Endemic level Type of endemic area Fecal slides per stool Study group No. of seropositive with IHA No. total examined with IHA No. of fecal positive No. total examined with Kato-Katz Prevalence ratio
Wu,1992 [51] 1990–1991 Gaojia village in Duchang County, Jiangxi high (prevalence rate: 64.4% before treatment; 54.5% after treatment) MLa 2 before treatment 110 125 33 125 3.33
after treatment 102 125 3 125 34.00
Guan,1999 [33] 1997 Zhongjiang village in Baimasi Town, Hubei high (20–30%) PWb 2   442 707 193 774 2.51
Li,2002 [34]   Sanlian and Lianhe villages in Dangtu County, Anhui low (2.23%) ML 3   49 616 15 616 3.27
Xiao,2005 [36] 2003 Dongliang (village A) in Wuhu City, Puxi (village B) in Lanling County, Anhui low (village A: <2%)
high (village B: 15%)
PW 3 Dongliang 43 501 2 501 21.50
Puxi 240 625 66 625 3.64
Jin,2005 [35] 2003 Chengde, Guanghui,Tiehu, Xianjin,Nanjiang and Xuguang villages in Tongling County, Anhui high (Chengde and Guanghui: >10%)
middle (Tiehu and Xianjin: 5–10%)
low (Nanjiang and Xuguang: 1–5%)
ML 3 Chengde 134 309 62 309 2.16
Guanghui 156 308 54 308 2.90
Tiehu 88 307 27 307 3.26
Xianjin 79 294 61 294 1.30
Nanjiang 34 308 60 308 0.56
Xuguang 25 305 41 305 0.61
Bao,2006 [37] 2005 Xitan, Tangnan, Hongtang, Pudong villages in Nanling County, Anhui high (Xitan, Tangnan: TypeIvillage)
middle (Hongtang, Pudong: Type IIvillage)
PW 2 TypeIvillage 158 693 54 693 2.93
TypeIIvillage 117 620 13 620 9.00
Xu,2007 [52] 2005 Lianhu village in Poyang County,Chaipeng village in Duchang County,Fuyu village in Yugan County, Jiangxi high (Lianhu: 12.0%)
middle (Chaipeng: 6.2%; Fuyu: 8.0%)
ML 3 Lianhu,IHA-A 706 873 83 961 9.36
Chaipeng,IHA-A 147 243 25 401 9.70
Fuyu,IHA-A 181 443 32 502 6.41
Lianhu,IHA-B 390 873 83 961 5.17
Chaipeng,IHA-B 90 243 25 401 5.94
Fuyu,IHA-B 145 443 32 502 5.13
Yu,2007 [38]   Zhonjiang village in Hubei; Zhuxi village in Jiangxi   PW (Zhonjiang)
ML (Zhuxi)
2 Zhonjiang 364 571 188 770 2.61
Zhuxi 206 289 166 356 1.53
Zhou,2007 [53]   Village A in Jiangxi;
Village B in Anhui
high (Village A: >10%)
low (Village B: <5%)
  3 Village A 528 1024 130 1024 4.06
Village B 288 787 36 787 8.00
Zhou,2008 [40] 2001–2006 An administrative village in Jiangxi    3 2001 100 345 28 900 9.32
2002 165 600 34 600 4.82
2003 174 600 41 600 4.26
2004 187 600 52 600 3.59
2005 332 785 97 677 2.95
2006 169 603 52 632 3.41
He,2008 [54] 2004 Fengyi village in Zongyang County; Linye village in Anqing City, Anhui middle ML 3 Fengyi 151 807 25 807 6.04
Linye 25 216 2 216 12.50
Lin,2008 [12]   Xinhua village in Xingzi County, Jiangxi middle (TypeIvillage) ML 6   106 633 43 633 2.47
Zhong,2009 [41] 2008 Yanhu village in Xinjian County, Jiangxi middle (5–10%) ML 3   112 420 26 420 4.31
Hu,2010 [42] 2001 Changjiang village in Yueyang City, Hunan low (3–5%) ML 3   124 511 20 511 6.20
Lin,2010 [43] 2009 Villages in Huangzhou, Songzi and Xiaonan District, Hubei low (Huangzhou: <1%; Songzi: 1–5%)
middle (Xiaonan: 5–10%)
ML 3 Huangzhou 5 592 3 592 1.67
Songzi 166 1296 9 1296 18.44
Xiaonan 25 101 2 101 12.50
Lin,2010 [55]   Caohui village in Xinjian County, Jingtou village in Duchang County, Xinhua village in Xingzi County, Jiangxi   ML 3 Caohui,M4 475 883 55 883 8.64
Caohui,M5 503 883 55 883 9.15
Jingtou,M4 465 927 73 927 6.37
Jingtou,M5 476 927 73 927 6.52
Xinhua,M4 350 922 40 922 8.75
Xinhua,M5 358 922 40 922 8.95
Liu,2014 [44] 2011 Yongle and Xinzhuang villages in Eryuan County, Yunnan low (<1%) HMc 3 Yongle 293 1956 6 1956 50.00
Xinzhuang 58 778 11 778 5.36
  1. aMarshlands and lakes region
  2. bPlains with water networks
  3. cHilly and mountainous region