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Table 7 Binary logistic regression analyses of potential risk factors associated with underweight among children at selected primary schools in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among selected primary school children in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Risk factors Categories Underweight   Crude OR (CI 95%) Adjusted OR (CI 95%)a
Yes (%) No (%) Total (%)
Parasitic infection Infected 28 (9.6) 123 (42) 151 (51.5) 2.24 (1.31-3.84)** 2.43 (1.40-4.22)**
Not infected 48 (16.4) 94 (32.1) 142 (48.5) 1 1
Meal frequency ≤ 3times a day 36 (12.3) 131 (44.7) 167 (57) 1.69 (1.00-2.86) 1.77 (1.03-3.05)*
>3 times/day 40 (13.7) 86 (29.4) 126 (43) 1 1
Sex of students Male 45 (15.4) 102 (34.8) 147 (50.2) 1.64 (0.96-2.78) 1.76 (1.02-3.04)*
Female 31 (10.6) 115 (39.2) 146 (49.8) 1 1
Family monthly income (ETB@) <500 12 (4.1) 41 (14) 53 (18.1) 0.96 (0.42-2.34)  
500-1500 47 (16) 120 (41) 167 (57) 1.29 (0.68-2.44)  
>1500 17 (5.8) 56 (19.1) 73 (24.9) 1  
Mother education Illiterate 28 (9.6) 66 (22.5) 94 (32.1) 1.56 (0.79-3.06)  
Primary school 29 (9.9) 81 (27.6) 110 (37.5) 1.32 (0.68-2.56)  
Secondary school & above 19 (6.5) 70 (23.9) 89 (30.4) 1  
Hand washing habit Sometimes 31 (10.6) 100 (34.1) 131(44.7) 1.24 (0.73-2.11)  
Always 45 (15.4) 117 (39.9) 162 (55.3) 1  
Shoe wearing habit Sometimes 31 (10.6) 100 (34.1) 131 (44.7) 1.24 (0.73-2.11)  
Always 45 (15.4) 117 (39.9) 162 (55.3) 1  
Fingernail cleanness Not clean 12 (4.1) 41 (14) 53 (18.1) 1.24 (0.61-2.51)  
Clean 64 (21.8) 176 (60.1) 240 (81.9) 1  
Age (years) 7-8 25 (8.5) 93 (31.7) 118 (40.3) 1.53 (0.88-2.65)  
9-10 51 (17.4) 124 (42.3) 175 (59.7) 1  
  1. Not: *= p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, a = adjusted (multivariate regression model) for parasitic infection, meal frequency and sex of students, = Ethiopian birr