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Table 7 Binary logistic regression analyses of potential risk factors associated with underweight among children at selected primary schools in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among selected primary school children in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Risk factors

Categories

Underweight

 

Crude OR (CI 95%)

Adjusted OR (CI 95%)a

Yes (%)

No (%)

Total (%)

Parasitic infection

Infected

28 (9.6)

123 (42)

151 (51.5)

2.24 (1.31-3.84)**

2.43 (1.40-4.22)**

Not infected

48 (16.4)

94 (32.1)

142 (48.5)

1

1

Meal frequency

≤ 3times a day

36 (12.3)

131 (44.7)

167 (57)

1.69 (1.00-2.86)

1.77 (1.03-3.05)*

>3 times/day

40 (13.7)

86 (29.4)

126 (43)

1

1

Sex of students

Male

45 (15.4)

102 (34.8)

147 (50.2)

1.64 (0.96-2.78)

1.76 (1.02-3.04)*

Female

31 (10.6)

115 (39.2)

146 (49.8)

1

1

Family monthly income (ETB@)

<500

12 (4.1)

41 (14)

53 (18.1)

0.96 (0.42-2.34)

 

500-1500

47 (16)

120 (41)

167 (57)

1.29 (0.68-2.44)

 

>1500

17 (5.8)

56 (19.1)

73 (24.9)

1

 

Mother education

Illiterate

28 (9.6)

66 (22.5)

94 (32.1)

1.56 (0.79-3.06)

 

Primary school

29 (9.9)

81 (27.6)

110 (37.5)

1.32 (0.68-2.56)

 

Secondary school & above

19 (6.5)

70 (23.9)

89 (30.4)

1

 

Hand washing habit

Sometimes

31 (10.6)

100 (34.1)

131(44.7)

1.24 (0.73-2.11)

 

Always

45 (15.4)

117 (39.9)

162 (55.3)

1

 

Shoe wearing habit

Sometimes

31 (10.6)

100 (34.1)

131 (44.7)

1.24 (0.73-2.11)

 

Always

45 (15.4)

117 (39.9)

162 (55.3)

1

 

Fingernail cleanness

Not clean

12 (4.1)

41 (14)

53 (18.1)

1.24 (0.61-2.51)

 

Clean

64 (21.8)

176 (60.1)

240 (81.9)

1

 

Age (years)

7-8

25 (8.5)

93 (31.7)

118 (40.3)

1.53 (0.88-2.65)

 

9-10

51 (17.4)

124 (42.3)

175 (59.7)

1

 
  1. Not: *= p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, a = adjusted (multivariate regression model) for parasitic infection, meal frequency and sex of students, = Ethiopian birr