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Table 6 Binary logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors associated with thinness among children at selected primary schools in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among selected primary school children in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Risk factors Categories Thinness   Crude OR (CI 95%) Adjusted OR (CI 95%)a
Yes (%) No (%) Total (%)
Family monthly income (ETB@) <500 32 (8.4) 74 (19.4) 106 (27.7) 2.21 (1.00-4.88) 2.99 (1.28-7.01)*
500-1500 60 (15.7) 155 (40.6) 215 (56.3) 1.97 (0.94-4.14) 2.69 (1.16-6.26)*
>1500 10 (2.6) 51 (13.4) 61 (16.0) 1 1
Parasitic infection Infected 40 (10.5) 160 (41.9) 200 (52.4 2.07 (1.30-3.28)** 1.92 (1.15-3.19)*
Not infected 62 (16.2) 120 (31.4) 182 (47.6) 1 1
Hand washing habit Sometimes 48 (12.6) 164 (42.9) 212 (55.5) 1.59 (1.01-2.51)* 1.02 (0.58-1.81)
Always 54 (14.1) 116 (30.4) 170 (44.5) 1 1
Shoe wearing habit Sometimes 45 (11.8) 156 (40.8) 201 (52.6) 1.59 (1.01-2.52)* 1.52 (0.91-1.55)
Always 57 (14.9) 124 (32.5) 181 (47.4) 1  
Meal frequency ≤ 3times a day 71 (18.6) 217 (56.8) 288 (75.4) 1.50 (0.91-2.49) 1.76 (0.95-3.29)
>3 times/day 31 (8.1) 63 (16.5) 94 (24.6) 1 1
Age (years) 7-8 25 (6.5) 93 (24.3) 118 (30.9) 1.49 (0.86-2.58) 1.39 (0.79-2.47)
9-10 50 (13.1) 125 (32.7) 175 (45.8) 1.62 (0.86-3.05) 1.71 (0.89-3.29)
11-13 27 (7.1) 62 (16.2) 89 (23.3) 1 1
Mother education Illiterate 36 (9.4) 89 (23.3) 125 (32.7) 1.08 (0.62-1.91)  
Primary school 35 (9.2) 108 (28.3) 143 (37.4) 0.87 (0.49-1.52)  
Secondary school & above 31 (8.1) 83 (21.7) 114 (29.8) 1  
Fingernail cleanness Not clean 28 (7.3) 89 (23.3) 117 (30.6) 1.23 (0.75-2.04)  
Clean 74 (19.4) 191 (50) 265 (69.4) 1  
Sex of students Male 54 (14.1) 139 (36.4) 193 (50.5) 1.14 (0.73-1.79)  
Female 48 (12.6) 141 (36.9) 189 (49.5) 1  
  1. Not: *= p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, a = adjusted (multivariate regression model) for family monthly income, meal frequency, parasitic infection, age, hand washing and shoe wearing habit, = Ethiopian birr