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Table 5 Binary logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors associated with stunting among children at selected primary schools in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among selected primary school children in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Risk factors Categories Stunting   Crude OR (CI 95%) Adjusted OR (CI 95%)a
Yes (%) No (%) Total (%)
Meal frequency ≤ 3times a day 34 (8.9) 254 (66.5) 288 (75.4) 4.64 (2.68-8.03)** 5.56(2.97-10.41)**
>3 times/day 36 (9.4) 58 (15.2) 94 (24.6) 1 1
Sex of students Male 43 (11.3) 150 (39.3) 193 (50.5) 1.72 (1.01-2.92)* 1.76(0.99-3.12)
Female 27 (7.1) 162 (42.4) 189 (49.5) 1 1
Age (years) 7-8 15 (3.9) 103 (27) 118 (30.9) 1.42 (0.73-2.77) 1.28 (0.63-2.61)
9-10 30 (7.9) 145 (38) 175 (45.8) 2.68 (1.32-5.47)* 3.02(1.41-6.47)*
11-13 25 (6.5) 64 (16.8) 89 (23.3) 1 1
Mother education Illiterate 21 (5.5) 104 (27.2) 125 (32.7) 1.72 (0.80-3.67) 0.82 (0.35-1.94)
Primary school 37 (9.7) 106 (27.7) 143 (37.4) 2.97 (1.47-6.01)* 2.25 (1.06-4.78)*
Secondary school & above 12 (3.1) 102 (26.7) 114 (29.8) 1 1
Parasitic infection Infected 38 (9.9) 162 (42.4) 200 (52.4) 1.10(0.65-1.85)  
Not infected 32 (8.4) 150 (39.3) 182 (47.6) 1  
Family monthly income (ETB@) <500 21 (5.5) 85 (22.3) 106 (27.7) 0.53 (0.21-1.32)  
500-1500 42 (11) 173 (45.3) 215 (56.3) 0.53 (0.23-1.26)  
>1500 7 (1.8) 54 (14.1) 61 (16) 1  
Hand washing habit Sometimes 39 (10.2) 173 (45.3) 212 (55.5) 1.08 (0.64-1.83)  
Always 31 (8.1) 139 (36.4) 170 (44.5) 1  
Shoe wearing habit Sometimes 38 (9.9) 163 (42.7) 201 (52.6) 1.08 (0.64-1.83)  
Always 32 (8.4) 149 (39) 181 (47.4) 1  
Fingernail cleanness Not clean 21 (5.5) 96 (25.1) 117 (30.6) 1.04 (0.59-1.82)  
Clean 49 (12.8) 216 (56.5) 265 (69.4) 1  
  1. Not: *= p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, a = adjusted (multivariate regression model) for meal frequency, mother education, sex and age of students, = Ethiopian birr