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Table 4 Binary logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors associated with undernutrition among children at selected primary schools in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among selected primary school children in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Risk factors Categories Nutritional Status   Crude OR (CI 95%) Adjusted OR (CI 95%)a
Yes (%) No (%) Total (%)
Family monthly income (ETB@) <500 53 (13.9) 53 (15.9) 106 (27.7) 3.36 (1.65-8.81)** 5.87 (2.61-13.23)**
500-1500 92 (24.1) 123 (32.3) 215 (56.3) 2.51 (1.30-4.83)* 5.51(2.45-12.40)**
>1500 14 (3.7) 47 (12.3) 61 (16) 1 1
Meal frequency ≤ 3times a day 106 (27.7) 182 (47.6) 288 (75.4) 2.22 (1.38-3.56)** 4.11(2.23-7.59)**
>3 times/day 53 (13.9) 41 (10.7) 94 (24.6) 1 1
Parasitic infection Infected 71 (18.6) 129 (33.8) 200 (52.4) 1.70 (1.13-2.56)* 1.60 (1.03-2.46)*
Not infected 88 (23) 94 (24.6) 182 (47.6) 1 1
Sex of students Male 90 (23.6) 103 (27) 193 (50.5) 1.52 (1.01-2.29)* 1.46 (0.95-2.26)
  Female 69 (18.1) 120 (31.4) 189 (49.5) 1 1
Age (years) 7-8 42 (11) 76 (19.9) 118 (30.9) 1.36 (0.84-2.19) 1.82 (0.99-3.34)
9-10 75 (19.6) 100 (26.2) 175 (45.8) 1.62 (0.92-2.84) 1.35 (0.77-2.38)
11-13 42 (11) 47 (12.3) 89 (23.3) 1 1
Hand washing habit Sometimes 81 (21.2) 131 (34.3) 212 (55.5) 1.37(0.91-2.07)  
Always 78 (20.4) 92 (24.1) 170 (44.5) 1  
Shoe wearing habit Sometimes 80 (20.9) 121 (31.7) 201 (52.6) 1.17(0.78-1.76)  
Always 79 (20.7) 102 (26.7) 181 (47.4) 1  
Mother education Illiterate 55 (14.4) 70 (18.3) 125 (32.7) 0.69 (0.41-1.16)  
Primary school 64 (16.8) 79 (20.7) 143 (37.4) 0.67 (0.40-1.11)  
Secondary school & above 40 (10.5) 74 (19.4) 114 (29.8) 1  
Fingernail cleanness Not clean 47 (12.3) 70 (18.3) 117 (30.6) 0.92(0.59-1.43)  
Clean 112 (29.3) 153 (40.1) 265 (69.4) 1  
  1. Not: *= p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, a = adjusted (multivariate regression model) for family monthly income, meal frequency, parasitic infection, sex and age of students, = Ethiopian birr