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Table 3 Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors associated with parasitic infection among children in selected primary school in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia, 2014

From: Undernutrition, intestinal parasitic infection and associated risk factors among selected primary school children in Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Risk factors Categories Parasitic infection   Crude OR (CI 95%) Adjusted OR (CI 95%)a
Yes (%) No (%) Total (%)
Nutritional status Undernourished (Z<-2SD) 71 (18.6) 88 (23) 159 (41.6) 1.70 (1.13-2.56)* 1.69 (1.05-2.74)*
Normal (Z>-2SD) 129 (33.8) 94 (24.6) 223 (58.4) 1 1
Hand washing habit Sometimes 149 (39) 63 (16.5) 212 (55.5) 5.52 (3.55-8.58)** 8.05(4.66-13.89)**
Always 51 (13.4) 119 (31.2) 170 (44.5) 1 1
Shoe wearing habit Sometimes 115 (30.1) 86 (22.5) 201 (52.6) 1.51 (1.01-2.26)* 1.02(0.61-1.70)
Always 85 (22.3) 96 (25.1) 181 (47.4) 1 1
Fingernail cleanness Not clean 85 (22.3) 32 (8.4) 117 (30.6) 3.46 (2.16-5.56)** 4.96 (2.79-8.82)**
Clean 115 (30.1) 150 (39.3) 265 (69.4) 1 1
Mother education Illiterate 76 (19.9) 49 (12.8) 125 (32.7) 2.03 (1.24-3.30)** 2.00 (1.12-3.57)*
Primary school 62 (16.2) 81 (21.2 143 (37.4) 1.30 (0.78-2.18) 1.56 (0.84-2.90)
Secondary school & above 62 (16.2) 52 (13.6) 114 (29.8) 1 1
Family monthly income (ETB@) <500 57 (14.9) 49 (12.8) 106 (27.7) 0.81 (0.51-1.28)  
500-1500 104 (27.2) 111 (29.1) 215 (56.3) 1.52 (0.79-2.91)  
>1500 39 (10.2) 22 (5.8) 61 (16) 1  
Meal frequency ≤ 3times a day 152 (39.8) 136 (35.6) 288 (75.4) 1.07 (0.67-1.71)  
>3 times/day 48 (12.6) 46 (12) 94 (24.6) 1  
Sex of students Male 102 (26.7) 91 (23.8) 193 (50.5) 0.96 (0.64-1.44)  
Female 98 (25.7) 91 (23.8) 189 (49.5) 1  
Age (years) 7-8 63 (16.5) 55 (14.4) 118 (30.9) 0.88 (0.55-1.41)  
9-10 88 (23) 87 (22.8) 175 (45.8) 1.07(0.62-1.86)  
11-13 49 (12.8) 40 (10.5) 89 (23.3) 1  
  1. Not: *= p<0.05, ** = p<0.01, a = adjusted (multivariate regression model) for nutritional status, shoe wearing habit, finger nail cleanness, hand washing habit and mother education, = Ethiopian birr