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Table 3 Assessment theme and the content for the prevention and control of the pandemic influenza

From: A review of documents prepared by international organizations about influenza pandemics, including the 2009 pandemic: a bibliometric analysis

Assessment Theme Details
Assessment of pandemic severity 1. Transmissibility: virological factors and epidemiological observations;
2. Seriousness of disease;
3. Impact: socioeconomic impact [5].
Risk assessment 1. Hazard assessment: identifying, reviewing and ranking influenza viruses of concern;
2. Exposure assessment: epidemiological and susceptibility factors;
3. Context assessment: social, technological and scientific, economic, ethical, and policy and political factors;
4. Risk characterization [5].
Assessment of national planning 1. Planning and coordination;
2. Situation monitoring and assessment;
3. Prevention and containment;
4. Health system response;
5. Communication [27].
Simulation exercises on influenza pandemic responses 1. Orientation: an informal discussion designed to familiarize participants with plans, roles and procedures with a focus on questions of coordination and assignment of responsibilities;
2. Drill: developing and maintaining skills in a single response procedure;
3. Table-top exercise (TTX): a discussion held around a conference or round table over the space of 2 or 3 h;
4. Functional exercise: creating a situation and facilitating a ‘real’ response, and may include such activities as activating command centres, documenting actions and decisions, completing real forms, issuing real communications and responding to simulated media or other questions;
5. Full-scale exercise: focusing on the operational capability of emergency response and management systems [29].
Effectiveness of public health measures 1. Economic effects;
2. Influenza-like illness(ILI), hospitalization rates or laboratory-confirmed cases, incidence rate ratios;
3. Change of behavior [30].