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Table 2 Intended healthcare utilization among survey respondentsa versus actual healthcare utilization among patients for common infectious syndromes — South Africa, 2012

From: Responses to hypothetical health scenarios overestimate healthcare utilization for common infectious syndromes: a cross-sectional survey, South Africa, 2012

First provider consulted for illness ILI Pneumonia Chronic respiratory Meningitis Diarrhea in child <5y
n (%)b Intended, n = 172 Actual, n = 268 P Intended, n = 172 Actual, n = 231 P Intended, n = 187 Actual, n = 16 P Intended, n = 186 Actual, n = 21 P Intended, n = 182 Actual, n = 41 P
Would not /did not seek care (0) 55 (21) <.01 0 34 (15) <.01 0 1 (6) ns 1 (1) 0 ns 2 (1) 9 (22) ns
Would seek / sought care 170 (99) 213 (79) <.01 172 (100) 197 (85) <.01 187 (100) 15 (94) 0.01 185 (99) 21 (100) ns 180 (99) 32 (78) <.01
Licensed medical provider 168 (98) 147 (55) <.01 171 (99) 151 (65) <.01 187 (100) 15 (94) 0.01 181 (97) 20 (95) ns 177 (97) 27 (66) <.01
Public clinic or health center 133 (77) 90 (34) <.01 122 (71) 98 (42) <.01 139 (74) 9 (56) 0.1 133 (72) 12 (57) ns 146 (80) 20 (49) 0.06
Private clinic 19 (11) 9 (3) <.01 19 (11) 8 (3) <.01 14 (7) 0 ns 18 (10) 0 ns 17 (9) 2 (5) <.01
Public hospital 11 (6) 5 (2) ns 24 (14) 14 (6) <.01 28 (15) 5 (31) 0.1 21 (11) 7 (33) 0.01 9 (5) 0 ns
Private hospital 3 (2) 9 (3) ns 4 (2) 7 (3) ns 4 (2) 0 1 6 (3) 0 ns 2 (1) 0 ns
Private Doctor 2 (1) 34 (13) <.01 2 (1) 24 (10) <.01 2 (1) 1 (6) ns 3 (2) 1 (5) ns 3 (2) 5 (12) ns
Other provider 2 (1) 66 (25) <.01 1 (1) 46 (20) <.01 0 (0) 0 0.01 4 (2) 1 (5) ns 3 (2) 5 (12) 0.007
Pharmacy 2 (1) 59 (22) <.01 (0) 43 (19) <.01 (0) 0 0.01 3 (2) 0 ns 3 (2) 2 (5) 0.007
Traditional healer (0) 1 ns 1 (1) 1 ns (0) 0 0.1 (0) 0 ns (0) 1 (2) ns
Religious leader (0) 0 ns (0) 1 ns (0) 0 ns (0) 0 ns (0) 0 ns
Friend or relative (0) 4 (1) ns (0) 0 ns (0) 0 0.1 (0) 1 (5) ns (0) 1 (2) ns
Health volunteer (0) 1 ns (0) 1 ns (0) 0 1 (0) 0 ns (0) 0 ns
Other (0) 1 ns (0) 0 ns (0) 0 ns 1 (1) 0 ns (0) 1 (2) ns
  1. aFor each infectious syndrome, respondents who reported an actual episode of the infectious syndrome within the household were excluded from the analysis of intended healthcare utilization
  2. bExcludes episodes of ILI (1), pneumonia (4), chronic respiratory illness (1), meningitis (1), and diarrhea (1) for which the first provider consulted was unknown
  3. P-values greater than 0.1 are indicated with “ns”