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Table 1 Factors associated with hepatitis C infection among newly incarcerated prisoners in Estonia, 2014 to 2015 (n = 1845)

From: Hepatitis C seropositivity among newly incarcerated prisoners in Estonia: data analysis of electronic health records from 2014 to 2015

Variable All N = 1845 HCV + b (n; %) HCV-c (n; %) p-value (HCV + vs HCV-)
Age (mean; SD) 34.1; 10.92 35.66; 11.49 34.11; 11.56 p < 0.001
Gender (male: n; %) 1742; 94.4% 978; 56.1% 764; 43.9% p = 0.675
Age group
 15–20 107 36; 33.6% 71; 66.4%  
 21–30 620 330; 53.2% 290; 46.8%  
 31–40 494 304; 61.5% 190; 38.5%  
 41–50 304 177; 58.2% 127; 41.8%  
 51–60 183 103; 56.3% 80; 43.7%  
 61–70 30 25; 83.3% 5; 16.7%  
 71–78 4 3; 75% 1; 25%  
Tattoo (yes: n; %) 519; 28.1% 331; 63.8% 188; 36.2% p < 0.001
Drug use history (yes: n; %) 1034; 56.2% 819; 76.6% 250; 23.4% p < 0.001
HIVa infected (n; %) 469; 25.5% 379; 80.8% 90; 19.2% p < 0.001
Previous incarceration (yes: n; %) 1271; 68.9% 827; 65.1% 444; 34.9% p < 0.001
  1. aHIV: human immunodeficiency virus
  2. bHCV+: Hepatitis C virus positive
  3. cHCV-: Hepatitis C virus negative