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Table 2 Comparison of home-based and clinic-based HIV test participants

From: Feasibility and acceptability of home-based HIV testing among refugees: a pilot study in Nakivale refugee settlement in southwestern Uganda

Variable Home-based testers
N=378
N (%)
Clinic-based testers
N=6443
N (%)
P-value*
Female 212 (56) 3395 (53) 0.20
Age category    < 0.001
 18–24 112 (30) 2340 (36)  
 25–34 116 (31) 2172 (34)  
 35–44 81 (21) 1178 (18)  
 >45 69 (18) 753 (12)  
Refugee status    < 0.001
 Refugee 353 (93) 5103 (79)  
 Ugandan national 23 (6) 1330 (21)  
Years in Nakivale    < 0.001
 <1year 7 (2) 754 (12)  
 1–5years 130 (34) 2409 (37)  
 ≥5years 233 (62) 2670 (41)  
 Unknown 8 (2) 610 (10)  
Country of origin    < 0.001
 Uganda 23 (6) 1342 (21)  
 Rwanda 129 (34) 2371 (37)  
 DRC 134 (35) 1580 (25)  
 Burundi 91 (24) 986 (15)  
 Othera 1 (0.3) 164 (2.5)  
Relationship status    < 0.001
 Married/living together 292 (77) 4053 (63)  
 Single 39 (10) 1658 (26)  
 Divorced/separated/widowed 47 (12) 723 (11)  
Education    < 0.001
 No school 96 (25) 1330 (21)  
 Some/completed primary school 239 (63) 3794 (59)  
 Some secondary school and aboveb 43 (11) 1309 (20)  
HIV knowledgec    < 0.001
 <75% correct 113 (30) 2609 (41)  
 ≥75% correct 265 (70) 3834 (60)  
Previous HIV test 294 (78) 4751 (74) 0.072
HIV tested within the past year 151 (40) 2308 (36) 0.10
Time to clinic    < 0.001
 <1h 89 (24) 3099 (48)  
 ≥1h to clinic 278 (74) 3344 (52)  
HIV-positive 7 (1.9) 217 (3.4) 0.27
  1. Abbreviations: DRC Democratic Republic of the Congo
  2. *P-value based on Pearson chi-square test
  3. aOther includes Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Kenya, Tanzania, Senegal, and Zaire
  4. bIncludes some/completed secondary school, vocational school, certificate program, bachelors, and post graduate
  5. cQuestionnaire included 4 questions [correct answer]: (1) Do you think that a healthy-looking person can be infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS? [Yes]; (2) Can a person get HIV by sharing a meal with someone who is infected? [No]; (3) Can a pregnant woman infected with HIV or AIDS transmit the virus to her unborn child? [Yes]; (4) Can a woman with HIV or AIDS transmit the virus to her newborn child through breastfeeding? [Yes]