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Table 1 Distribution of respiratory pathogens in 11,399 pediatric patients hospitalized with acute respiratory illness

From: Epidemiology of HBoV1 infection and relationship with meteorological conditions in hospitalized pediatric patients with acute respiratory illness: a 7-year study in a subtropical region

Pathogen HBoV1 infA infB RSV EV HRVa ADV PIV1 PIV2 PIV3 PIV4 229E OC43 NL63 HKU1 HMPV MP CP Positive rate, %
HBoV1 248 13 4 29 15 17 14 4 3 10 1 0 9 3 1 7 14 0 2.2
infA   839 34 95 41 8 23 9 7 11 0 7 38 4 4 12 46 1 7.4
infB    300 25 9 6 4 1 1 6 0 0 9 0 1 5 15 2 2.6
RSV     1690 73 45 38 9 13 14 3 10 29 10 3 16 38 8 14.8
EV      498 16 24 14 2 13 1 4 10 6 1 10 21 5 4.4
HRVa       402 14 3 2 12 2 2 11 1 1 3 21 6 5.0
ADV        621 5 3 7 2 3 14 5 2 9 36 3 5.4
PIV1         116 2 2 0 2 5 1 0 1 9 0 1.0
PIV2          72 3 0 2 9 0 0 2 3 0 0.6
PIV3           296 0 1 15 1 1 3 15 1 2.6
PIV4            25 1 1 0 0 0 3 0 0.2
229E             64 14 2 0 3 3 0 0.6
OC43              346 2 1 14 27 3 3.0
NL63               60 1 1 3 1 0.5
HKU1                38 1 3 1 0.3
HMP                 321 9 0 2.8
MP                  760 2 6.7
CP                   77 0.7
Single infection 136 546 203 1314 286 261 458 67 35 203 13 26 185 28 19 243 531 51 40.4
Co-infection 112 293 97 376 212 141 163 49 37 93 12 38 161 32 19 78 229 26 8.8
  1. Data are number in each group, except where specifically stated. HBoV1 human bocavirus 1, InfA influenza A virus, InfB influenza B virus, RSV respiratory syncytial virus, EV enterovirus, HRV human rhinovirus, PIV1–4 parainfluenza 1–4, ADV adenovirus, HMPV human metapneumovirus, 229E human coronavirus 229E, OC43 human coronavirus OC43, NL63 human coronavirus NL63, HKU1 human coronavirus HKU1, MP Mycoplasma pneumoniae, CP Chlamydophila pneumoniae. aHRV was detected since January 2012, and a total of 8084 cases were collected