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Table 2 Factors associated to late presentation

From: Late presentation to HIV/AIDS care at the Douala general hospital, Cameroon: its associated factors, and consequences

Factors Total Early presentation Late presentation OR (95%CI) P value aOR (95% CI) P value
Age, tertiles
  < 35 688 80 (11.6) 608 (88.4) Ref   Ref  
 35–43 577 52 (9.0) 525 (91.0) 1.33 (0.92–1.92) 0.31 1.05 (0.70–1.59) 0.46
  ≥ 43 600 61 (10.2) 539 (89.8) 1.16 (0.82–1.65)   0.82 (0.55–1.23)  
Sex
 Women 840 82 (9.7) 758 (90.3) Ref    
 Men 1026 112 (10.9) 914 (89.1) 0.87 (0.64–1.18) 0.37   
Calendar Year
  < 2005 494 68 (13.6) 426 (86.4) Ref   Ref  
 2005–2009 717 78 (10.9) 639 (89.1) 1.29 (0.91–1.83) 0.002 1.12 (0.77–1.62) 0.05
  ≥ 2010 655 48 (7.3) 607 (92.7) 1.99 (1.34–2.95)   1.64 (1.08–2.48)  
Marital status
 Married 1012 111 (10.9) 910 (89.1) Ref    
 Single 643 56 (8.6) 587 (91.4) 1.31 (0.94–1.85) 0.14   
 Divorced + Widowed 211 27 (12.8) 184 (87.2) 0.84 (0.54–1.32)    
Employment status
 Employed 1271 121 (9.5) 1150 (90.5) Ref   Ref  
 Unemployed 522 57 (10.9) 465 (89.1) 0.85 (0.61–1.19) 0.003 0.98 (0.69–1.40)  
 Student 73 16 (21.9) 57 (78.1) 0.37 (0.21–0.67)   0.50 (0.26–0.98) 0.12
Religion
 Christian 1744 185 (10.6) 1559 (89.4) Ref    
 Muslim 107 9 (8.4) 98 (91.6) 1.29 (0.64–2.59) 0.48   
Circumstances of diagnosis
 Clinical suspicion 1346 60 (4.5) 1286 (95.6) Ref   Ref  
 PMTCT + Blood donation 89 20 (22.5) 69 (77.5) 0.16 (0.10–0.28)   0.16 (0.10–0.29)  
 HIV positive partner 119 28 (23.5) 91 (76.5) 0.15 (0.10–0.25) < 0.0001 0.16 (0.10–0.26) < 0.0001
 Routine screening 311 86 (27.4) 225 (72.6) 0.12 (0.10–0.18)   0.13 (0.10–0.19)  
  1. aOR Adjusted odds ratio, PMTCT Prevention of mother to child transmission