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Table 2 Participants’ knowledge about antimicrobial resistances among paramedical health science students at University of Gondar, North West Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 323)

From: Knowledge and attitude towards antimicrobial resistance among final year undergraduate paramedical students at University of Gondar, Ethiopia

Items Correct Incorrect
General knowledge about antibiotics
 1. Does inappropriate use of antibiotics put your patients at risk? 319(98.8%) 4(1.2%)
 2. Does the frequent use of antibiotics will decrease its efficacy? 266(82.4%) 57(16.6%)
 3. Do antibiotics speed up the recovery of common cold and flu? 113(35%) 210(65%)
 4. Do antibiotics kill both viruses and bacteria? 233(72.1%) 90(27.9%)
5. Which of these do you think may promote the inappropriate use of antimicrobials?
 Poor counseling of patients 180(55.7%) 143(43.3%)
 Poor skills and knowledge of prescribers 183(56.7%) 140(43.3%)
 Patient Self medication 113(35%) 210(65%)
 Inadequate supervision 82(25.4%) 241(74.6%)
6. Which of these factors may influence the decision to start antimicrobial therapy?
 Patient’s clinical condition 170(52.6%) 153(47.4%)
 Positive microbiological results in symptomatic patients 201(62.2%) 122(37.8%)
7. Which of the following do you think are the consequences of antimicrobials overuse?
 Antimicrobial resistance 181(56%) 142(44%)
 Adverse drug reactions and medication errors 193(59.8%) 130(40.2%)
 Better patient outcome 315(97.5%) 8(2.5%)
8. Which of the following promote antimicrobial resistances?
 Inappropriate prescribing habits of antibiotics 163(50.5%) 160(49.5%)
 Lack of effective diagnostics tools to diagnose bacterial infections 171(52.9%) 152(47.1%)
 Patients self-medication 202(62.5%) 121(37.%)
 Spread of bacteria in healthcare settings due to poor hygiene practices 62(19.2%) 261(80.8%)
9. Which of the following are appropriate strategies to control antimicrobial resistance?
 Targeting antimicrobial therapy to likely pathogens 149(46.1%) 174(53.9%)
 Changing the attitudes of prescribers and patients 165(51.1%) 158(48.9%)
 Obtaining local antimicrobial resistance profile 63(19.5%) 260(80.5%)
 Consulting with infectious diseases experts 112(34.7%) 211(65.3%)
Overall level of knowledge Frequency (%)
 Good 39(12.1)
 Moderate 107(33.1)
 Poor 177(54.8)