Skip to main content

Table 4 Detrimental exposure model and beneficial exposure model derived from Bstep logistic regression analyses, adjusted for characteristics of the participant

From: Social networks in relation to self-reported symptomatic infections in individuals aged 40–75 - the Maastricht study –

  Upper respiratory tract infection Lower respiratory tract infection Gastrointestinal infection Urinary tract infection
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Detrimental exposure model
 Network size (for every additional alter) 1.04** 1.01–1.06 1.02 0.99–1.06 1.03# 1.00–1.06 0.96 0.92–1.01
 Total contacts per half year (for every additional 10 contacts) 0.99* 0.98–1.00 0.99* 0.98–1.00 1.00 0.99–1.01 1.02* 1.00–1.03
 Percentage of alters living more than 1/2 h away by car (for every additional 10%) N/A   N/A   1.06# 1.00–1.13 N/A  
 Percentage of older alters (> 15 years older) (for every additional 10%) 1.05# 0.98–1.09 1.08# 0.99–1.17 N/A   N/A  
 Percentage of older alters (5–15 years older) (for every additional 10%) N/A   1.12* 1.02–1.22 N/A   N/A  
 Percentage of younger alters (5–15 years younger) (for every additional 10%) N/A   1.11* 2.01–1.21 1.08# 0.99–1.16 N/A  
 Age heterogeneity (SD) N/A   1.03** 1.00–1.06 N/A   N/A  
 Percentage of alters who are friends (for every additional 10%) N/A   1.12*** 1.04–1.20 1.11*** 1.05–1.16 N/A  
 Percentage of alters who are acquaintances (colleague, neighbor, club mate, other) (for every additional 10%) N/A   1.08# 0.99–1.17 N/A   N/A  
Beneficial exposure model
 Network size (for every additional alter) 1.03** 1.01–1.06 1.02 0.99–1.06 1.03* 1.00–1.06 0.96 0.92–1.01
 Total contacts per half year (for every additional 10 contacts) 0.99* 0.98–1.00 0.99* 0.98–1.00 0.99 0.98–1.00 1.02* 1.00–1.03
 Percentage of same-age alters (± 5 years) (for every additional 10%) 0.94** 0.90–0.98 0.89*** 0.84–0.95 0.93* 0.88–0.98 N/A  
 Percentage of alters who are family members (for every additional 10%) 0.97# 0.93–1.01 0.91*** 0.87–0.96 0.89*** 0.84–0.94 N/A  
 Percentage of alters who are acquaintances (colleague, neighbor, club mate, other) (for every additional 10%) N/A   N/A   0.91* 0.84–0.98 N/A  
  1. All analyses were adjusted for: sex, age, smoking status, diabetes status, BMI, alcohol consumption, educational level, employment status and season. OR Odds Ratio, 95% CI; 95% Confidence Interval, # p < 0.1 *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001