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Table 3 Regression analysis of factors associated with feco-prevalence of H. pylori among symptomatic patients in Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 342)

From: Feco-prevalence and risk factors of Helicobacter pylori infection among symptomatic patients at Dessie Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Variable Freq HpSA (+) = no/% COR(95%CI) AOR(95%CI) p-value
Family size
  < 4 175 41(23.4) ref ref  
  ≥ 4 167 63(37.7) 1.98(1.24--3.17) 1.83(1.10--3.05) 0.020*
Hand washing after toilet
 Yes 322 94(29.2) ref ref
 No 20 10(50.0) 2.43(0.98--6.02) 2.5(0.92–6.79) 0.073
Eating raw fruit and vegetable
 Never 85 29(34.1) ref ref  
 At least once a day 56 24(42.9) 1.45(0.72--2.90) 1.38(0.64--2.96) 0.407
 At least once a week 201 51(25.4) 0.66(0.38--1.14) 0.64(0.35--1.18) 0.151
Tea consumption
 Yes 232 65(28.0) ref
 No 110 39(35.5) 1.41(0.87–2.29)
Coffee consumption
 Yes 211 70(33.2) ref
 No 131 34(26.0) 0.71(0.44–1.145)
Alcohol drinking
 Never 183 48(26.2) ref ref  
 Once/week 71 20(28.2) 1.10(0.60--2.04) 1.35(0.69–2.63) 0.382
  > once/week 88 36(40.9) 1.95(1.14--3.33) 2.70(1.49–4.89) 0.001*
ABO Blood group
 Type A 87 24(27.6) 3.81(0.83–17.55) 5.53(1.08–28.36) 0.040*
 Type B 96 25(26.0) 3.52(0.77–16.15) 5.01(0.98–25.72) 0.054
 Type O 137 53(38.7) 6.31(1.42–28.1) 8.93(1.79–44.48) 0. 008*
 Type AB 22 2(9.1) ref ref  
Persons per room
 1 77 18(23.4) ref ref  
 2 to 3 181 49(27.1) 1.22(0.65–2.27) 1.26(0.65–2.43) 0. 495
  > 3 84 37(44.0) 2.58(1.31--5.10) 2.91(1.39–6.11) 0.005*
  1. Key: * = Significant association Exist; AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio