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Table 2 Association of HpSA detection with respect to genetic, hygiene and lifestyle factors of symptomatic patients in Dessie Referral Hospital, Northeast Ethiopia, 2016 (n = 342)

From: Feco-prevalence and risk factors of Helicobacter pylori infection among symptomatic patients at Dessie Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Variables Freq (%) HpSA(+) χ 2 p-value
=no (%)
Alcohol drinking Never 183 (53.5) 48 (26.2) 6.26 0.044*
Once a week 71 (20.7) 20 (28.2)
>Once a week 88 (25.7) 36 (40.9)
Raw fruit and vegetable eating Never 85 (24.9) 29 (34.1) 7.06 0.029*
At least once a day 56 (16.4) 24 (42.9)
At least once a week 201 (58.8) 51 (25.4)
Drinking water source Tap water 282 (82.5) 86 (30.5) 0.01 0.939
Non-tap water 60 (17.5) 18 (30.0)
Hand washing before eating Yes 322 (94.2) 97 (30.1) 0.21 0.646
No 20 (5.8) 7 (35.0)
Hand washing after toilet Yes 322 (94.2) 94 (29.2) 3.85 0.050*
No 20 (5.8) 10 (50.0)
Cigarette smoking Yes 18 (5.3) 4 (22.2) 0.60 0.438
Never 324 (94.7) 100 (30.9)
Tea consumption Yes 232 (67.8) 65 (28.0) 1.95 0.163
No 110 (32.2) 39 (35.5)
Coffee consumption Yes 211 (61.7) 70 (33.2) 1.99 0.158
No 131 (38.3) 34 (26.0)
ABO Blood group Type A 87 (25.4) 24 (27.6) 10.35 0.016*
Type B 96 (28.1) 25 (26.0)
Type O 137 (40.1) 53 (38.7)
Type AB 22 (6.4) 2 (9.1)
Rhesus (Rh) Rh + ve 326 (95.3) 96 (29.4) 3.04 0.081
Rh-ve 16 (4.7) 8 (50.0)
  1. Key: * = Significant associations exist