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Table 2 Characteristics of participants ≥15 years with confirmed pulmonary TB in Lwak and Kibera study sites in Kenya, 2011–2014

From: Tuberculosis case finding using population-based disease surveillance platforms in urban and rural Kenya

Lwak

Kibera

 

From home screeninga

From facility-based screeningb

From home screeninga

From facility-based screeningb

Total

N = 18

N = 28

N = 14

N = 41

N = 101

n(%)

n(%)

n(%)

n(%)

n(%)

Mean age

51

41

34

33

37

 (Min – max)

(23–77)

(21–56)

(24–54)

(19–59)

19–77

Gender

 Male

7 (38.9)

16 (57.1)

5 (35.7)

23 (56.1)

51 (50.5)

HIV status

 Positive

6 (33.3)

24 (85.7)

6 (42.9)

19 (46.3)

55 (54.5)

 Negative

4 (22.2)

3 (10.7)

3 (21.4)

16 (39.0)

26 (25.7)

 Unknown

8 (44.4)

1 (3.6)

5 (35.7)

6 (14.6)

20 (19.8)

Socioeconomic statusc

 Low

9 (50.0)

5 (17.9)

14/46 (30.4)

 Middle

4 (22.2)

16 (57.1)

20/46 (43.5)

 High

5 (27.8)

6 (21.4)

11/46 (23.9)

 Not available

0 (0)

1 (3.6)

1/46 (2.2)

Previous history of TBd

4 (22.2)

3 (21.4)

7/32 (21.9)

Symptoms reported

 Cough

16 (88.9)

20 (71.4)

9 (64.3)

30 (73.2)

75 (74.3)

 Fever

3 (16.7)

15 (53.6)

6 (42.9)

6 (14.6)

30 (29.7)

 Night sweats

6 (33.3)

8 (28.6)

5 (35.7)

5 (12.2)

24 (23.8)

 Weight loss

4 (22.2)

7 (25.0)

5 (35.7)

5 (12.2)

21 (20.8)

Duration of symptomse

  ≤ 2 weeks

14 (77.8)

8 (57.1)

22 (21.8)

  > 2 weeks

4 (22.2)

6 (42.9)

10 (9.9)

Coinfectionsf

 Positive blood culture

2/13 (15.4)

2/13 (15.4)

 Positive malaria smear

1/16 (6.3)

1/1 (100)

2/17 (11.8)

Smear positive TB

9 (50)

10 (35.7)

8 (57.1)

23 (56.1)

50 (49.5)

MoH Notified

18 (100)

28 (100)

14 (100)

41 (100)

101 (100)

Referred to TB clinic

18 (100)

28 (100)

14 (100)

41 (100)

101 (100)

  1. aTB screening at home occurred in October – December 2011 for Lwak, and January – March 2012 for Kibera, and the column contains only individuals screened in-person
  2. bFacility-based TB screened occurred between May 2012 – April 2014 for Lwak, and April 2012 – March 2014 for Kibera. Individuals were referred from home or could self-refer to the health facilities
  3. cSocioeconomic status classes computed based on asset ownership were available for Lwak site only
  4. d,eData available from home only
  5. fData available for health facilities only. Denominators are the number of persons who had either a blood culture or a malaria test done among those who had a positive TB result