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Table 2 Logistic regression analysis of factors associated with pediatric TB in public health facilities of Bale Zone, south east Ethiopia, 2016

From: Predictors of pediatric tuberculosis in public health facilities of Bale zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia: a case control study

Variable Level Disease status COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Control Case
Frequency (%) Frequency (%)
Sex Male 136 (47.9) 71 (50.0) 1  
Female 148 (52.1) 71 (50.0) 1.08(0.72–1.63)
Age ≤5 106 (37.3) 39 (27.5) 1 1
6–10 105 (37.5) 50 (35.2) 1.29(0.78–3.18) 1.26(0.67–2.43)
11–15 73 (25.7) 53 (37.3) 1.97(1.18–3.18) 1.94(1.02–3.77)
Mother’s educational status Can’t read and write 59 (20.8) 69 (48.6) 7.95(2.92–21.64) 2.35(0.68–5.05)
Can read and write 46 (16.2) 29 (20.4) 4.28(1.50–12.22) 1.54(0.43–5.49)
Primary 71 (25.0) 20 (14.1) 1.91(0.66–5.53) 1.68(0.49–5.72)
Secondary 74 (26.1) 19 (13.4) 1.76(0.60–5.06) 1.14(0.62–2.17)
Tertiary 34 (12.0) 5 (3.5) 1  
Family size ≤5 185 (65.1) 65 (45.8) 1  
> 5 99 (34.9) 77 (54.2) 2.21(0.46–3.33)
No of people living in the house ≤3 44 (15.5) 13 (9.2) 1  
4–6 201 (70.8) 88 (62.0) 1.48(0.76–2.88) 1.55(0.63–3.81)
> 6 39 (13.7) 41 (28.9) 3.56(1.66–7.56) 1.75(0.55–5.57)
Number of rooms in the house 1–3 254 (89.4) 136 (95.8) 1  
4–6 30 (10.6) 6 (4.2) 0.37(0.15–1.92)
Availability of windows Yes 266 (93.7) 120 (84.5) 1  
No 18 (6.3) 22 (15.5) 2.7(1.40–5.32) 0.85(0.33–2.16)
Availability of separate kitchen Yes 253 (89.1) 108 (76.1) 1  
No 31 (10.9) 34 (23.9) 2.56(1.50–4.39) 0.53(0.20–1.22)
Availability of latrine Yes 252 (88.7) 113 (79.6) 1  
No 32 (11.3) 29 (20.4) 2.02(0.99–3.50)
Waste disposal In the compound 97 (34.2) 78 (54.9) 2.35(1.56–3.55) 1.03(0.59–1.81)
Outside compound 187 (65.8) 64 (45.1) 1  
Availability of tap water Yes 186 (65.5) 50 (35.2) 1  
No 98 (34.5) 92 (64.8) 3.49(2.29–5.33) 1.27(0.66–2.44)
Do animal live in your house Yes 34 (12.0) 54 (38.0) 4.51(2.76–7.39) 1.75(0.86–3.56)
No 250 (88.0) 88 (62.0) 1  
Do you feed your child row meat Yes 204 (71.8) 115 (81.0) 1.67(1.01–2.73)
No 80 (28.2) 27 (19.0) 1  
Do you feed your child raw milk Yes 86 (30.3) 105 (73.9) 6.53(4.16–10.27) 4.23(2.26–7.88)
No 196 (69.7) 37 (26.1) 1  
Previous history of TB Yes 6 (2.1) 12 (8.5) 4.27(0.96–11.65)
No 278 (97.9) 130 (91.5) 1  
BCG vaccination status Yes 277 (97.5) 103 (72.5) 1  
No 7 (2.5) 39 (27.5) 13.52(6.13–29.88) 5.46(1.82–16.32)
Family history of TB Yes 10 (3.5) 45 (31.7) 12.71(6.17–26.20) 9.84(4.22–22.92)
No 274 (96.5) 97 (68.3) 1  
Vaccination at 9 month Yes 254 (89.4) 87 (61.3) 1  
No 30 (10.6) 55 (38.7) 5.35(3.22–8.89) 0.98(0.44–2.19)
Resent history of diarrheal disease Yes 51 (18.0) 16 (11.3) 0.58(0.32–1.06)
No 233 (82.0) 126 (88.7) 1  
Resent history of hospitalization Yes 37 (13.0) 31 (21.8) 1.86(1.01–3.16)
No 247 (87.0) 111 (78.2) 1  
HIV status of the child Positive 4 (1.4) 16 (11.3) 8.89(2.91–27.12) 13.61(3.45–53.69)
Negative/unknown 280 (98.6) 126 (88.7) 1  
Does the child has any chronic disease Yes 14 (4.9) 12 (8.5) 1.78(0.8–3.96)
No 270 (95.1) 130 (91.5) 1