Skip to main content

Table 4 Access to ART and early mortality among late diagnosis individuals within one year of diagnosis between 2006 and 2014 (N=178,296)

From: “Late for testing, early for antiretroviral therapy, less likely to die”: results from a large HIV cohort study in China, 2006–2014

Characteristics Late diagnosis (age>14 years old)* N (% of access to ART within one month) N (% of access to ART within one year) N (% of died after receiving ART) χ2 P-value b
Year of HIV diagnosis      141.52 <0.01
 2006 8675 1436(16.6) 3429(39.5) 267(7.8)   
 2007 11252 2105(18.7) 5126(45.6) 341(6.7)   
 2008 13535 3051(22.5) 7387(54.6) 568(7.7)   
 2009 16874 3906(23.1) 9527(56.5) 621(6.5)   
 2010 19532 4498(23.0) 12021(61.5) 679(5.6)   
 2011 23741 6383(26.9) 16355(68.9) 1076(6.6)   
 2012 26445 8524(32.2) 19038(72.0) 1495(7.9)   
 2013 29192 11068(37.9) 22212(76.1) 1897(8.5)   
 2014 29050 12668(43.6) 21478(73.9) 1693(7.9)   
Sex      137.54 <0.01
 Female 49561 15132(30.5) 32806(66.2) 1959(6.0)   
 Male 128735 38507(29.9) 83767(65.1) 6678(8.0)   
Age group (years)      871.48 <0.01
 15-24 12082 3107(25.7) 8305(68.7) 317(3.8)   
 25-34 43688 12146(27.8) 28734(65.8) 1436(5.0)   
 35-44 51244 15499(30.2) 33684(65.7) 2430(7.2)   
 45-54 32084 10846(33.8) 21947(68.4) 1832(8.3)   
 55+ 39198 12041(30.7) 23903(61.0) 2622(11.0)   
Marital status      11.08 <0.01
 Single, divorced, or widowed 73626 20957(28.5) 48061(65.3) 3411(7.1)   
 Married or lives with partner 103411 32483(31.4) 67970(65.7) 5177(7.6)   
Education      488.54 <0.01
 Middle school or more 110338 34898(31.6) 77177(69.9) 4792(6.2)   
 Primary school or less 66599 18585(27.9) 39012(58.6) 3826(9.8)   
Occupation      663.26 <0.01
 Other 83510 25305(30.3) 57787(69.2) 3130(5.4)   
 Farmer or rural laborer 94786 28334(29.9) 58786(62.0) 5507(9.4)   
Ethnic group      16.57 <0.01
 Others 34969 9013(25.8) 19866(56.8) 1335(6.7)   
 Han 143327 44626(31.1) 96707(67.5) 7302(7.6)   
Route of HIV infection      622.49 <0.01
 Heterosexual 126054 40124(31.8) 83978(66.6) 6547(7.8)   
 Homosexual 20832 6951(33.4) 17167(82.4) 646(3.8)   
 Injection drug use 13531 1955(14.4) 5809(42.9) 372(6.4)   
 Sexual contact and IDU 1102 245(22.2) 560(50.8) 31(5.5)   
 Blood or plasma transfusion 12841 3722(29.0) 7457(58.1) 917(12.3)   
Sites of diagnosis      681.88 <0.01
 VCT centers 53825 17809(33.1) 36452(67.7) 2346(6.4)   
 Hospitals 96608 29659(30.7) 62791(65.0) 5683(9.1)   
 Detention centers 4859 197(4.1) 1563(32.2) 62(4.0)   
 others 23004 5974(26.0) 15767(68.5) 546(3.5)   
Migrant population a      10.03 <0.01
 No 142108 43658(30.7) 93717(65.9) 7056(7.5)   
 Yes 36188 9981(27.6) 22856(63.2) 1581(6.9)   
Initial CD4+ cell count      10298.66 <0.01
 0-49 49241 18191(36.9) 33897(68.8) 4521(13.3)   
 50-99 26373 9778(37.1) 19220(72.9) 1520(7.9)   
 100-199 51681 17268(33.4) 37747(73.0) 1385(3.7)   
 200-349 24403 6167(25.3) 17685(72.5) 361(2.0)   
 350-499 8436 1177(14.0) 5135(60.9) 107(2.1)   
 500- 4018 476(11.8) 2041(50.8) 53(2.6)   
 No CD4 records 14144 582(4.1) 848(6.0) 690(81.4)   
Total 178296 53639(30.1)) 116573(65.4) 8637(7.4)   
  1. aThose who died of overdose drug use or suicide were excluded
  2. bThe proportion of those who died after ART within one year is compared by different characteristics