Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic Characteristics and factors associated with late diagnosis in China between 2006 and 2014 (N = 528,234)

From: “Late for testing, early for antiretroviral therapy, less likely to die”: results from a large HIV cohort study in China, 2006–2014

Categories Newly diagnosed (age > 14 years old) n (%) of Late diagnosis Unadjusted OR (95%CI) Adjusted OR (95%CI)
Total 528,234 179,700(34.0) _ _
Year of HIV diagnosis
 2006 26,027 8823(33.9) Ref. Ref.
 2007 32,538 11,427(35.1) 1.06(1.02–1.09) 1.04(1.00–1.08)
 2008 40,690 13,734(33.8) 0.99(0.96–1.03) 0.93(0.89–0.96)
 2009 48,163 17,073(35.4) 1.07(1.04–1.11) 0.99(0.95–1.02)
 2010 53,375 19,700(36.9) 1.14(1.11–1.18) 0.99(0.96–1.03)
 2011 67,256 23,944(35.6) 1.08(1.05–1.11) 0.89(0.86–0.92)
 2012 76,716 26,598(34.7) 1.04(1.01–1.07) 0.84(0.81–0.87)
 2013 85,518 29,291(34.3) 1.02(0.99–1.05) 0.82(0.79–0.85)
 2014 97,951 29,110(29.7) 0.83(0.80–0.85) 0.65(0.63–0.68)
Sex
 Female 144,013 49,803(34.6) Ref. Ref.
 Male 384,221 129,897(33.8) 0.97(0.95–0.98) 1.15(1.13–1.17)
Age groups(years)
 15–24 74,796 12,174(16.3) Ref. Ref.
 25–34 163,089 44,161(27.1) 1.91(1.87–1.95) 187(1.82–1.91)
 35–44 132,507 51,750(39.1) 3.30(3.22–3.37) 2.78(2.72–2.85)
 45–54 70,158 32,262(46.0) 4.38(4.27–4.49) 3.25(3.17–3.34)
 55+ 87,684 39,353(44.9) 4.19(4.09–4.29) 2.94(2.86–3.02)
Marital status
 Single, divorced, or widowed 256,895 74,319(28.9) Ref. Ref.
 Married or lives with partner 264,977 104,087(39.3) 1.59(1.57–1.61) 1.12(1.11–1.13)
Education
 Middle school or more 331,210 111,091(33.5) Ref. Ref.
 Primary school or less 191,811 67,212(35.0) 1.07(1.06–1.08) 0.87(0.86–0.89)
Occupation
 Other 278,138 84,141(30.3) Ref. Ref.
 Farmer or rural laborer 250,096 95,559(38.2) 1.43(1.41–1.44) 1.13(1.11–1.14)
Ethnic group
 Other 134,406 35,356(26.3) Ref. Ref.
 Han 393,828 144,344(36.7) 1.62(1.60–1.64) 1.30(1.28–1.32)
Route of HIV infection
 Heterosexual 333,753 126,658(37.9) Ref. Ref.
 Homosexual 85,252 20,891(24.5) 0.53(0.52–0.54) 0.71(0.70–0.73)
 Injection drug use 73,834 14,111(19.1) 0.39(0.38–0.39) 0.63(0.61–0.64)
 Sexual contact and injection drug use 5257 1147(21.8) 0.46(0.43–0.49) 0.71(0.66–0.76)
 Blood or plasma transfusion 16,767 12,910(77.0) 5.47(5.28–5.68) 4.18(4.02–4.35)
Sites of diagnosis
 VCT centers 150,157 54,260(36.1) Ref. Ref.
 Hospitals 236,047 97,220(41.2) 1.24(1.22–1.25) 1.17(1.15–1.19)
 Detention centers 43,231 5087(11.8) 0.24(0.23–0.24) 0.35(0.34–0.37)
others 98,799 23,133(23.4) 0.54(0.53–0.55) 0.59(0.58–0.61)
Migrant populationa
 No 402,155 143,160(35.6) Ref. Ref.
 Yes 126,079 36,540(29.0) 0.74(0.73–0.75) 0.94(0.93–0.96)
  1. aMigrant population: people migrated from one county to another county and stay there for at least six months