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Table 4 Potential risks factor and H pylori status of the study population

From: Potential risk factors and prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among adult patients with dyspepsia symptoms in Cameroon

Variable Number H. pylori (+) (N = 132) (%) H. pylori () (N = 73) (%) OR (95% CI) P value
Low income (≤ 2500 $/month) 3.590 (2.063–6.765) 0.001
 Yes 110 87 (79.09) 23 (20.90)
 No 95 45 (47.4) 50 (52.6)
Household population ˃ 4 members 3.528 (0.631–12.327) 0.197
 Yes 199 130 (65.32) 69 (34.67)
 No 6 2 (33.33) 4 (66.66)
Smoking 0.9231 (0.4341–1.963) 0.8481
 Yes 35 22 (62.85%) 13 (37.14%)
 No 170 110 (64.70%) 60 (35.29%)
Living conditions during childhood 0.9439 (0.5328–1.672) 0.8846
 Rural zone 102 65 (63.72) 37 (36.27)
 Urban zone 103 67 (65.04) 36 (34.95)
NSAIDs consumption 1.882 (1.020–3.473) 0.0509
 Yes 78 57 (73.07%) 21 (26.92%)
 No 127 75 (59.05%) 52 (40.94)
O blood group 0.681 (0.373–1.261) 0.203
 Yes 124 75 (60.48%) 49 (34.50%)
 No 81 57 (70.37) 24 (29.62)
Rhesus status 0.626 (0.554–0.691) 0.531
 Rhesus (+) 203 130 (64.03) 73 (35.96)
 Rhesus (−) 2 2 (100.00) 0 (0.00)
Family history of gastric cancer 2.758 (1.563–5.361) 0.001
 Yes 102 82 (80.39) 20 (19.60)
 No 103 50 (48.54%) 53 (51.45%)
Body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 1.434 (0.824–2.548) 0.215
 Yes 114 79 (69.29) 35 (30.70)
 No 91 53 (58.24) 38 (41.75)