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Table 4 Potential risks factor and H pylori status of the study population

From: Potential risk factors and prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among adult patients with dyspepsia symptoms in Cameroon

Variable

Number

H. pylori (+) (N = 132) (%)

H. pylori () (N = 73) (%)

OR (95% CI)

P value

Low income (≤ 2500 $/month)

3.590 (2.063–6.765)

0.001

 Yes

110

87 (79.09)

23 (20.90)

 No

95

45 (47.4)

50 (52.6)

Household population ˃ 4 members

3.528 (0.631–12.327)

0.197

 Yes

199

130 (65.32)

69 (34.67)

 No

6

2 (33.33)

4 (66.66)

Smoking

0.9231 (0.4341–1.963)

0.8481

 Yes

35

22 (62.85%)

13 (37.14%)

 No

170

110 (64.70%)

60 (35.29%)

Living conditions during childhood

0.9439 (0.5328–1.672)

0.8846

 Rural zone

102

65 (63.72)

37 (36.27)

 Urban zone

103

67 (65.04)

36 (34.95)

NSAIDs consumption

1.882 (1.020–3.473)

0.0509

 Yes

78

57 (73.07%)

21 (26.92%)

 No

127

75 (59.05%)

52 (40.94)

O blood group

0.681 (0.373–1.261)

0.203

 Yes

124

75 (60.48%)

49 (34.50%)

 No

81

57 (70.37)

24 (29.62)

Rhesus status

0.626 (0.554–0.691)

0.531

 Rhesus (+)

203

130 (64.03)

73 (35.96)

 Rhesus (−)

2

2 (100.00)

0 (0.00)

Family history of gastric cancer

2.758 (1.563–5.361)

0.001

 Yes

102

82 (80.39)

20 (19.60)

 No

103

50 (48.54%)

53 (51.45%)

Body mass index ≥25 kg/m2

1.434 (0.824–2.548)

0.215

 Yes

114

79 (69.29)

35 (30.70)

 No

91

53 (58.24)

38 (41.75)